While the political benefits of the coming EU enlargement are relatively easy to identify, its economic and financial consequences are less unequivocal. The following article examines the likely costs and benefits of enlargement to both existing and future Members, and in particular how it will affect Germany, one of the few present EU Member States which has direct borders with acceding states.
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Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: “Wider Europe-Neighbourhood: New framework for relations with the Eastern and Southern Neighbours”, Doc. COM (2003) 104, March 11, 2003, p. 4.
Österreichische Nationalbank: Osterweiterung der EU: Auswirkungen auf die EU 15 und insbesondere auf Österreich, in: Berichte und Studien 2/2002.
The article expresses the personal opinions of the author.
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Neueder, F. Costs and benefits of EU enlargement. Intereconomics 38, 190–195 (2003) doi:10.1007/BF03031706
- Member State
- Accession Country
- Cohesion Fund
- Minimum Taxation
- Purchasing Power Standard