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Hydrological modelling of a small watershed using satellite data and gis technique

  • P. K. Shrivastava
  • M. P. Tripathi
  • S. N. Das
Cover Article

Abstract

A distributed parameter model Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) has been tested on daily and monthly basis for estimating surface runoff and sediment yield from a small watershed “Chhokeranala” in eastern India using satellite data and Geographical Information System (GIS). Several maps like watershed and sub-watershed boundaries, drainage network, landuse/cover and soil texture have been generated. The SWAT model has been verified for the initial phase of monsoon season in the year 2002 using daily rainfall and air temperature. Performance of the model has been also evaluated to simulate the surface runoff and sediment yield on sub-watershed basis for two months (July-August 2002). The results show a good agreement between observed and simulated runoff and sediment yield during the study period. Capability of the model for generating rainfall has been evaluated for 10 years (1992 - 2001) period. The model simulated daily rainfall shows close agreement with the observed rainfall. The present results show that the SWAT model can be used for satisfactory simulation of daily and monthly rainfall, runoff and sediment yield.

Keywords

Geographical Information System Digital Elevation Model Sediment Yield Small Watershed Geographical Information System Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. K. Shrivastava
    • 1
  • M. P. Tripathi
    • 1
  • S. N. Das
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Soil and Water EngineeringFaculty of Agricultural Engineering, Indira Gandhi Agricultural UniversityRaipurIndia
  2. 2.Regional Remote Sensing Service CenterNagpurIndia

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