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Journal of Plant Biology

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 167–173 | Cite as

Reactive oxygen species, antioxidants and signaling in plants

  • Parvaiz Ahmad
  • Maryam Sarwat
  • Satyawati Sharma
Review

Abstract

Several reactive oxygen species (ROS) are continuously produced in plants as byproducts of many metabolic reactions, such as photosynthesis, photo respiration and respiration, Depending on the nature of the ROS species, some are highly toxic and rapidly detoxified by various cellular enzymatic and nonenzymatic mechanisms. Oxidative stress occurs when there is a serious imbalance between the production of ROS and antioxidative defence. ROS participate in signal transduction, but also modify cellular components and cause damage. ROS is highly reactive molecules and can oxidize all types of cellular components. Various enzymes involved in ROS-scavenging have been manipulated and over expressed or down regulated. An overview of the literature is presented in terms of primary antioxidant free radical scavenging and redox signaling in plant cells. Special attention is given to ROS and ROS-anioxidant interaction as a metabolic interface for different types of signals derived from metabolisms and from the changing environment.

Keywords

antioxidants gene expression MAPK signaling ROS 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Korea 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Parvaiz Ahmad
    • 1
  • Maryam Sarwat
    • 2
  • Satyawati Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Biochemistry laboratory, CRDTIndian Institute of TechnologyNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Plant Molecular BiologyICGEBNew DelhiIndia

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