A biomimetic approach for effective reduction in micro-scale friction by direct replication of topography of natural water-repellent surfaces
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In this paper, we report on the replication of surface topographies of natural leaves of water-repellent plants of Lotus and Colocasia onto thin polymeric films using a capillarity-directed soft lithographic technique. The replication was carried out on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) film spin coated on silicon wafer using poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) molds. The friction properties of the replicated surfaces were investigated at micro-scale in comparison with those of PMMA thin film and silicon wafer. The replicated surfaces exhibited superior friction property when compared to those of PMMA thin film and silicon wafer. The superior friction behaviour of the replicated surfaces was attributed to the reduced real area of contact projected by them.
KeywordsLithography Biomimetic Polymer Micro Friction Tribology
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