Asia Pacific Education Review

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 335–343 | Cite as

The association between education and society: The educational struggle for Korean identity in Japan 1945–1948

  • In-duck KimEmail author


This study attempts to elucidate the idea that education reflects the contemporary social structure. This inference is focused on the educational struggle for Korean identity led by the Korean Federation in Japan (KFJ) during 1945– 1948. The KFJ disseminated the educational movement for Koreans in Japan (Zainichi). The General Head Quarters (GHQ) suppressed Korean identity education (KIE) and tried to disrupt the activities of the KFJ. KIE was identified and destroyed during the HanShin educational struggle as part of the conflict with the GHQ. However, HanShin movement survived to form the basis for the new start of the Korean educational movement in Japan and has served as the cornerstone of KIE. This case elucidates the ways in which education is strongly associated with the social structure and the status quo.

Key words

education society HanShin educational struggle Korean identity education Korean Federation in Japan 


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Copyright information

© Education Research Institute 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of East Asian StudiesSungKyunKwan UniversityJongno-Gu, SeoulKorea

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