Advertisement

Asia Pacific Education Review

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 464–477 | Cite as

High school teachers’ perceptions regarding principals’ ethical leadership in Turkey

Article

Abstract

This study has been carried out in order to determine to what extent principals demonstrate ethical leadership behaviors, and to present suggestions on the strength of these findings. The study has a descriptive quality in evaluating the teachers’ perceptions and uses the Ethical Leadership Scale (ELS) developed by Yilmaz (2006), so as to determine the opinions of the participant teachers. The analysis of the data has been performed via the “SPSS for Windows ” package program. In addition, such statistical processes as a significance test, standard deviation, one-way variance analysis (ANOVA), Kruskal-Wallis H Test, Mann-Whitney U Test have also been carried out. The findings reveal that principalsadequately perform their ethical responsibilities like treating their staff justly and encouraging them, being fair, understanding, patient and humble, traits which all exist in the “communicative ethics, climatic ethics and ethics in decision making ” levels at the state high schools in the city of Kütahya, Turkey. On the other hand, the participant teachers in the study have clearly admitted that the principals engaged in such ethical behaviors in the “behavioral ethics ” level as self-evaluation, not lying and protecting individual rightspoorly.

Key words

ethics leadership ethical leadership principal behavior 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aydin, M. (2000).Educational management. Ankara: Hatiboglu Publications.Google Scholar
  2. Basaran, İ. E. (1996).Turkish education system. Ankara: Yargici Publications.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, L. G., Murphy, J., & Associates (1997).Ethics in educational leadership program: Emerging models. Colombia, MO: The University Council for Educational Administration.Google Scholar
  4. Butcher, W. C. (2005). The need for ethical leadership.Executive Speeches, 19(5), 49–52.Google Scholar
  5. Brown, M. E. (2007). Misconceptions of ethical leadership: How to avoid potential pitfalls.Organizational Dynamics, 36(2), 140–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown, M. E., Trevino, L. K., & Harrison, D. A. (2005). Ethical leadership: A social learning perspective for construct development and testing.Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 97, 117–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown, M. E., & Trevino, L. K. (2006). Ethical leadership: A review and future directions.The Leadership Quarterly, 17, 595–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Celep, C. (2000). Teachers’ organizational commitment in educational organizations.National Forum of Teacher Education Journal, 10E(3).Google Scholar
  9. Celik, V. (2003).Educational leadership. Ankara: Pegem-A Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Cuilla, J. B. (1998). Leadership ethics: Mapping the territory. In J. B. Cuilla (Ed.),Ethics, the heart of leadership (pp. 3–25). Westport, CT: Quorum BooksGoogle Scholar
  11. Czaja, M., & Lowe, J. (2000). Preparing leaders for ethical decisions.The L4SA Professor, 24(1), 7–12.Google Scholar
  12. Duffield, J. F., & McCuen, R. H. (2000). Ethical maturity and successful leadership.Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 126(2), 79–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Duncan, A. H. (1991).The twenty-first century executive leader. Retrieved September 19, 2005, from http:// EBSCOhost2.htmGoogle Scholar
  14. Ercetin, S. (2000).Vision in leader’s spiral. Ankara: Nobel Publications.Google Scholar
  15. Fleet, J. K. V. (1999).Keys of success. (Translated by Alp E. Arslan). Istanbul: Emre Publications.Google Scholar
  16. Fulmer, R. M. (2004). The challenge of ethical leadership.Organizational Dynamics, 33(3), 307–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grace, G. (2000). Research and the challenges of contemporary school leadership: The contribution of critical scholarship.British Journal of Educational Studies, 48(3).Google Scholar
  18. Howe, E., & Kaufman, J. (1983). Ethics and professional practice. In W. N. Dunn (Ed.),Value, ethics, and practices of policy analysis (pp. 9–31). MA: Lexington, D.C. Heath Company.Google Scholar
  19. Johnson, S. M. (2000).Providing moral center. Retrieved October 05, 2005, from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ searchdb/index.htmlGoogle Scholar
  20. Jones, H. B. Jr. (1995). The ethical leader: An ascetic construct.Journal of Business Ethics, 14, 867–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Karasar, N. (1999). Scientific research method. Ankara: Nobel Publications.Google Scholar
  22. Kucukahmet, L. (2001). Teaching principles and methods. Ankara: Nobel Publications.Google Scholar
  23. Lashway, L. (1996).Ethical leadership. Retrieved August 14, 2005, from http://www.eric.ed.gov/searchdb /index.htmlGoogle Scholar
  24. Martin, T. R. (1985). Ethics in marketing: Problems and prospects. In G. R. Laczniak & P. E. Murphy (Eds.),Marketing Ethics-Guidelines for Manager. Lexington Books, Lexington.Google Scholar
  25. Mitchell, M. S. (1995).Enabling good teaching performance. Performance management in education. California: Corwin Pres, Inc.Google Scholar
  26. McCurdy, D. B. (1998).Creating an ethical organization. Retrieved July 12, 2005, from http://ebscohost2.htmGoogle Scholar
  27. McNamara, C. (1999).Complete guide to ethics management: An ethics toolkit for managers. Retrieved June 12, 2005, from www.mapnp.org/library/ ethics/ethxgde.htm.Google Scholar
  28. Morgan, L. M. (2002).The moral ethos of managing in an engineering culture. San Francisco, University of San Francisco, the Faculty of the School of Education Organization and Leadership Department in Partial Fulfillment.Google Scholar
  29. Moorhouse, R. J. (2002).Desired characteristics of ethical leaders in business, educational, political and religious organizations from east Tennessee. A Delphi investigation. East Tennessee State University.Google Scholar
  30. Neuman, W. L. (1994).Social research methods: Qualitative and qualitative approaches (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allen & Bacon.Google Scholar
  31. Nolan, F. L. (1993). Ethical leadership and school culture: An exploratory study of nine middle level schools (Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1993).Dissertation Abstracts. Google Scholar
  32. Ozdamar, K. (1997).Statistical data analysis with package programs. Eskisehir: Anatolia University Publications.Google Scholar
  33. Ozden, Y. (1999).New values in education. Ankara: Pegem-A Publications.Google Scholar
  34. Pehlivan-ayd?n, I. (2002).Managerial, professional and organizational ethics. Ankara: Pegem-A Publications.Google Scholar
  35. Rubenstain, H. (2001).Ethical leadership. Retrieved August 20, 2005, from http://www.eric.ed.gov/searchdb/ index.html.Google Scholar
  36. Ryan, L. V. (2000). Moral aspects of executive leadership: Searching for a new leadership paradigm.International Journal of Value-Based Management, 13, 109–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ryncraz, R. A. (1997). An exploratory study examining manager behaviors that have an ethical effect in manager-subordinate relationships (Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, 1997).Dissertation Abstracts. Google Scholar
  38. Sergiovanni, T. J. (1992).Moral leadership: Getting to the heart of school improvement. San Francisco: Josey-Bass.Google Scholar
  39. Sisman, M. (1999).Organizational culture. Eskisehir: Anatolia University Publications.Google Scholar
  40. Schultz, H. B., & Werner, A. (2005).Reputation management. Retrieved June 13, 2005, from http://www.oup.com/ pdf/za/Reputation.pdf Slater, R. O., Goldring, E., Bolman, L., Thurston, P. W., &Google Scholar
  41. Crow, G. M. (1994). Leadership and management processes. In W. K. Hoy (Ed.),Educational administration: UCEA document base. New York, McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  42. Smith, R. (1997). Essential ethical considerations in teaching.Education, 117, 17–21.Google Scholar
  43. Thiroux, J. P. (1980).Ethics: Theory and practice (2nd ed.). Encino, CA: Glencoe Publishing.Google Scholar
  44. Turan, S. (2002). Organizational climate and organizational commitment: A study of human interactions in Turkish public schools.Educational Planning, 14 (2), 20–30.Google Scholar
  45. Turhan, M. (2007).The effect of ethical leadership behaviors of high school and vocational high school principals on social justice in schools. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Institute of Social Sciences, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.Google Scholar
  46. Yilmaz, E. (2006).To investigate the effect of school managers` ethical leadership levels on the organizational trust level and to test whether the organizational trust level in schools differentiate with respect to some variables or not. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Institute of Social Sciences, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Education Research Institute 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational SciencesDumlupinar UniversityKütahyaTurkey

Personalised recommendations