Connectedness among taiwanese middle school students: a validation study of the hemingway measure of adolescent connectedness

  • Michael J. Karcher
  • Yun Lee
Regional and Comparative Studies


Theories of adolescent connectedness suggest that adolescents strive to become connected by engaging with and valuing the people, activities, and worlds in their social ecology. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a measure designed to assess these worlds of connectedness among 320 junior high school students in Taiwan. The subscales and composite scales evidenced satisfactory reliability and concurrent validity. A hypothesized three-factor, higher order structural model of connectedness was cross-validated. Girls were generally more connected than boys. Both connectedness to school and to friends explained more variance in connectedness to self than did family connectedness. There was mixed support for separation-individuation processes. The measure appears promising in terms of future research on adolescent social development in the Asia Pacific.


Junior High School Social Connectedness Composite Scale School Connectedness Junior High School Student 
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Copyright information

© Education Research Institute 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TexasUSA
  2. 2.Ta-Yuan Junior High SchoolTaiwan

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