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Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 71, Issue 1–2, pp 145–153 | Cite as

Evolutionary trends in Mio-Pliocene Leporinae, based onTrischizolagus (Mammalia, Lagomorpha)

  • Alexander O. Averianov
  • Alexey S. Tesakov
Article

Abstract

New material ofTrischizolagus dumitrescuae from Moldova and Ukraine is described. The variation of p3 inTrischizolagus shows the gradual shift of morphotype frequencies from the ‘Hypolagus’ pattern in Turolian through the mixture of three patterns (including ‘Nekrolagus’ morphotype) in Early Ruscinian to the dominant ‘Alilepus’ pattern in the Late Ruscinian samples. These transformations took place parallel to that of the North AmericanNekrolagus. Probably North AmericanSylvilagus, Brachylagus, andRomerolagus had an North American origin fromNekrolagus, whereas Eurasiatic and AfricanOryctolagus, Caprolagus, Nesolagus, andPoelagus could have originated in the Old World fromTrischizolagus.

Keywords

Pliocene Occlusal Surface Ontogenetic Stage MELI Cheek Tooth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Kurzfassung

Aus Moldavien und der Ukraine wird neues Material vonTrischizolagus dumitrescuae beschrieben. In der Variationsbreite des p3 vonTrischizolagus sind mehrere Morphotypen mit unterschiedlichen Häufigkeiten zu erkennen. Sie enthalten den ‘Hypolagus-Typ’ aus dem Turolium, eine Mischung von drei Typen (einschliesslich des ‘Nekrolagus’ Morphotypes) aus dem frühen Ruscinium und den dominierenden ‘Alilepus-Typ’ des späten Ruscinium. Diese Merkmalsveränderung verlief parallel zu jener in der nordamerikanischen GattungNekrolagus. Vermutlich habenSylvilagus, Brachylagus undRomerolagus ihren Ursprung in Nordamerika mitNekrolagus. Die eurasiatischen und afrikanischen GattungenOryctolagus, Caprolagus, Nesolagus undPoelagus könnten vom altweltlichenTrischizolagus abstammen.

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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander O. Averianov
    • 1
  • Alexey S. Tesakov
    • 2
  1. 1.Russian Academy of SciencesZoological InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Russian Academy of SciencesGeological InstituteMoscowRussia

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