Laryngospasm in paediatric anaesthesia
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- Roy, W.L. & Lerman, J. Can J Anaesth (1988) 35: 93. doi:10.1007/BF03010554
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Laryngospasm is seen most frequently in paediatric anaesthesia. Although laryngospasm has been regarded as a self-limiting complication, statistically unlikely to produce severe complications, 5.0/1,000 patients who develop laryngospasm have a cardiac arrest.1 In less severe instances, laryngospasm may be complicated by bronchospasm, hypoxia, gastric aspiration, arrhythmias, and delayed recovery. Pulmonary oedema following laryngospasm has recently been reported as a significant complication.28 A high level of preparation and forethought can lead to a reduction in morbidity and mortality as a result of laryngospasm.