Canadian Anaesthetists’ Society Journal

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 431–442 | Cite as

Harvey gushing and anaesthesia

  • David A E Shephard
Article

Summary

Harvey Cushmg, the great American neurosurgeon, made four important contributions to the specialty of anaesthesia He was one of the first to introduce anaesthesia records, he was responsible for the introduction of blood-pressure measurement into operating-room practice, he develooed the technique of precordial monitoring of patients undergoing surgery, and he was an authority on local anaesthesia, coming the term “regional anaeshesia ” These aspects of Cushing’s career have been discussed because of their inherent value, and because they lead us to an understanding of the nature of a great physician A mark of his genius was the thoroughness with which he approached his neurosurgical work His desne to understand every aspect of it led to 1 along important contributions to specialties outside his own Not only did Harvey Gushing make neurosurgery safe, but this master surgeon also did much to unprove the conditions of anaesthesia m his day His contributions to anaesthesia are of lasting value, arid the practice of anaesthesia today owes much to him

Keywords

Public Health Ether Mercury Chloroform Cocaine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

L’anesthésiologie est redevable à Harvey Cushing, e grand chirurgien améi icam de quatre innovations d’importance considérable Le premier il a redigé des dossiers anesthésiques, le premier aussi, il a saisi l’importance de la mesure de la tension artérielle durant la chirurgie on lui doit d’avoir introduit a cet eflet l’usage du sphygmamanomêtre, mventé en Italie par Riva-Rocci De plus il a été l’instigateur de Fauscultation précordiale continue duiant l’anesthésie Enfin, ses travaux en anesthésie locale et régionale sont bien connus C’est lui qui a proposé le terme d’anesthesie “regionale,” terme qui ne tarda pas a etre universellemant accepté

La valeur intrinséque de ces innovations suffit à motiver leur présentation dans cet article, mais cet exposé veut aussi nous faire connaître la véritable dimension de ce grand homme qui fut tout à la fois un médecin génial, un artiste délicat, un bibliophile averti et un auteur remarquable L’intransigeante conception qu’il avait de la neurochirurgie signe l’ampleur de son génie le besoin qu’il avait de connaître toutes les facettes de sa spécialité a fait de lui un novateur dans des disciplines autres que la sienne

Harvey Cushmg a non seulement rendu la neurochirui gie moins dangereuse mais il a aussi grandement relevé les standards de l’anesthésie de son temps Il en a aussi sûrement releve les statistiques L’effet bénéfique de ses contributions se fait sentir encore aujourd’hui la sécunté de Fanesthésie moderne nous vient en bonne partie de lui

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Copyright information

© Canadian Anesthesiologists 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A E Shephard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurosurgery and NeurologyMontreal Neurological Institute and McGill UniversityMontreal

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