Transference, discrimination and reversal
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A total of 68 subjects-17 normal volunteers, 17 hospitalized paranoid schizophrenics, 17 non-paranoid schizophrenics, and 17 patients with organic brain syndrome-were compared on their performance on the different phases of a specially devised conditioning procedure.
This procedure is composed of (1) acquistion of the conditional reflex,i.e., squeezing a rubber bulb to the presentation of white light; (2) transference from a visual conditional stimulus to a verbal conditional stimulus and back to the visual conditional stimulus; (3) conditional stimulus differentiation; and (4) conditional stimulus reversal.
Performance profiles of the normal and of the pathological groups were established and the statistically significant differences among the sub-groups of the experimental population were described. The clinical significance of these findings is discussed.
KeywordsConditional Stimulus Unconditional Stimulus Conditional Reflex Pathological Group Inappropriate Response
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