Advertisement

Clinical Reviews in Allergy

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 197–211 | Cite as

Chronic rhinitis in children

  • David S. Pearlman
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Conclusion

Chronic rhinitis in children can be an extremely disabling disorder, interfering not only with daily functioning but also with development of the face and oral cavity, with the psychosocial development of the child, and with learning through alteration in attention span and hearing. Children tend to tolerate symptoms of nasal obstruction a great deal more than do adults. The severity and complications of chronic rhinitis in children should not be underestimated.

Keywords

Rhinitis Allergic Rhinitis Allergy Clin Immunol Nasal Polyp Nasal Obstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Asthma and Other Allergic Diseases. NIAID Task Force Report U. S. Department of HEW, (NIH publication no. 79–387, 1979) p 22Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zieger RS, Schatz M: Chronic rhinitis: A practical approach to diagnosis and treatment. Immunol Allergy Pract 4:63–78, 108–118, 1982Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Myers MA: The “nasal crease,” a physical sign of allergic rhinitis. JAMA 174:1204, 1960PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marks MB: Significance of discoloration in the lower orbitopalpebral grooves in allergic children (allergic shiners). Ann Allergy 21:26, 1963Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Marks MB: Unusual signs of respiratory tract allergy. Ann Allergy 31:611, 1973PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mygind N: Nasal Allergy. (2d ed). London, Blackwell, 1979Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jacobs RL: A practical classification of chronic rhinitis. J Resp Dis 2:20–35, 1981Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Slavin RG: Clinical disorders of the nose and their relationship to allergy. Ann Allergy 49:123–126, 1982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mullarkey MF, Hill JS, Webb DR: Allergic and nonallergic rhinitis: Their characterization with attention to the meaning of nasal eosinophilia. J Allergy Clin Immunol 65:122–126, 1980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jacobs RL, Freedman PM, Boswell NR: Nonallergic rhinitis with eosinophilia (NARES syndrome). Clinical and immunologic presentation. J Allergy Clin Immunol 67:253–262, 1981PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rupp GH, Friedman RA: Eosinophilic nonallergic rhinitis in children. Pediatrics 70:437–439, 1982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Townley RG, Dennis M, Itkin IH: Comparative action of acetyl-beta-methylcholine, histamine, and pollen antigens in subjects with hay fever and patients with bronchial asthma. J Allergy 36:121–147, 1965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fish JE, Rosenthal RR, Batra G, Menkes H, Summer W, Hermutt S, Norman P: Airway responses to methacholine in allergic and nonallergic subjects. Am Rev Respir Dis 113:579, 1976PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Siegel SC: Recurrent and chronic upper respiratory infections and chronic otitis media, in Bierman CW, Pearlman DS (eds): Allergic Disorders of Infancy, Childhood and Adolescence. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1980, pp 715–724Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Amman AJ, and Hong R: Disorders of the IgA system, in Stiehm ER, Fulginiti VA (eds): Immunologic Disorders in Infants and Children. (2d ed). Philadelphia, Saunders, 1980, pp 260–273Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Settipane GA, Chaffee FH: Nasal polyps in asthma and rhinitis: A review of 6,037 patients. J Allergy Clin Immunol 59:17, 1977PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Webb DR: Clinical characteristics and therapy of nasal polyps. J Allergy Clin Immunol 61:185, 1978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lanoff G, Daddono A, Johnson E: Nasal polyps in children: A ten year study. Ann Allergy 31:551–554, 1973PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Caplin I, Haynes JT, Spahn J: Are nasal polyps an allergic phenomenon? Ann Allergy 26:631, 1971Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shwachman H, Kulcyycki LL, Mueller HL, Flake CG: Nasal polyposis in patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatrics 30:389, 1962PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lumry WR, Curd JG, Zeiger RS, Pleskow WW, Stevenson DD: Aspirin-sensitive rhinosi-nusitis: The clinical syndrome and effects of aspirin administration. J Allergy Clin Immunol 71:580–587, 1983PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wasserman, SI: The mast cell and the inflammatory response, in Pepys, Edwards AM (eds): The Mast Cell: Its Role in Health and Disease. San Francisco, Fearon Pitman, 1979Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bierman CW, Pierson WE, Donaldson JA: Diseases of the nose, in,14 pp 511–525Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Strome M: Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Otolaryngology. Boston: Little, Brown, 1975Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Stool SE, McConnell CS: Foreign bodies in pediatric otolaryngology. Clin Pediatr 12:113, 1973CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Connelly JP: Choanal atresia. Part I. Medical aspects of this serious anomaly. Clin Pediatrics 4:65, 1965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bierman CW, Furakawa CT: Medical management of serous otitis in children. Pediatrics 61:768, 1978PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kraemer MJ, Richardson MA, Weiss NS, Furakawa CT, Shapiro GG, Pierson WE, Bierman CW: Risk factors for persistent middle-ear effusions. Otitis media, catarrh, cigarette smoke exposure, and atopy. JAMA 249:1022–1025, 1983PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Rachelefsky GS, Goldberg M, Katz RM, Boris G, Gyepes MT, Shapiro MT, Mickey MR, Finegold S, Siegel SC: Sinus disease in children with respiratory allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol 61:310, 1978PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Townley RG: Allergic rhinitis and airway reactivity to mediators. NESA Proc 3:459–467, 1982Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Williams RB, Gwaltney JM: Allergic rhinitis or virus cold? Nasal smear eosinophilia in differential diagnoses. Ann Allergy 30:189, 1972PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Matheson A, Rosenblum A, Glazer R, Dacanay E: Local tissue and blood eosinophilia in newborn infants. J Pediatr 51:502, 1957PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Crawford LV: A study of the nasal cytology of infants with eczematoid dermatitis. Ann Allergy 18:59, 1960PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Northern JL: Diagnostic tests in ear disease, in,14 pp 492–501Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Buckley JM, Pearlman DS: Controlling the environment, in,14 pp 300–310Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Solomon WR: Common pollen and fungus allergens, in,14 pp 219–247Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Lockey SD III: Environmental control of allergic disease, in Lockey RF (ed): Allergy and Clinical Immunology. New York, Medical Examination, 1979, pp 1163–1175Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Berman BA, Bierman CW: Injection terapy, in,14 pp 333–345Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Johnstone DE: A study of the role of antigen dose in the treatment of pollinosis and pollen asthma. Am J Dis Child 94:1, 1957Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Weinberger M, Hendeles L: Pharmacologic management, in,14Bierman CW, Pearlman DS (eds): Allergic Disorders of Infancy, Childhood and Adolescence. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1980 pp 331–332Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Pearlman DS: Antihistamines: Pharmacology and clinical use. Drugs 12:258–273, 1976PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Hendeles L, Weinberger M, Wong L: Medical management of noninfectious rhinitis. Am J Hosp Pharm 37:1496–1504, 1980PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Hyde JS, Lourdes DF: Theophylline and chlorpheniramine in childhood asthma. Dose requirements for children 6 to 12 years (therapeutic orphans) and young adults 13 to 18 years of age receiving cromolyn sodium prophylaxis. Ann Allergy 32:73, 1974PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Empey DW, Bye C, Hodder M, Hughes DTD: A double-blind crossover trial of pseudo-ephedrine or triprolidine alone and in combination, for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Ann Allergy 34:41, 1975PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Kapp F: Use of topical corticosteroids in the management of rhinitis. NESA Proc 3:482–489, 1982Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • David S. Pearlman
    • 1
  1. 1.From the Department of PediatricsUniversity of ColoradoDenver

Personalised recommendations