Preliminary evaluation of [1-11C]octanoate as a PET tracer for studying cerebral ischemia: A PET study in rat and canine models of focal cerebral ischemia
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Octanoate is taken up into the brain and is converted in astrocytes to glutamine through the TCA cycle after β-oxidation. We speculate that [1-11C]octanoate may be used as a tracer for astroglial functions and/or fatty acid metabolism in the brain and may be useful for studying cerebral ischemia. In the present study we investigated brain distribution of [1-11C]octanoate and compared it with cerebral blood flow (CBF) by using rat and canine models of middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion and a high resolution PET. In rats brain distribution of [15O]H2O measured 1–2 h and 5–6 h after insult was compared with that of [1-11C]octanoate measured 3–4 h after insult. Radioactivity ratios of lesioned to normal hemispheres determined with [15O]H2O were lower than those determined with [1-11C]octanoate. These results were confirmed by a study on a canine model of MCA-occlusion. Twenty-four hours after insult, CBF decreased in the MCA-territory of the occluded hemisphere, whereas normal or higher accumulation of [1-11C]octanoate was observed in the ischemic regions. The uptake of [1-11C]octanoate-derived radioactivity therefore increased relative to CBF in the ischemic regions, indicating that [1-11C]octanoate provides functional information different from CBF. In conclusion, we found that [1-11C]octanoate is a potential radiopharmaceutical for studying the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia.
Key words[1-11C]octanoate positron emission tomography cerebral ischemia rat dog
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