Selenium, cadmium, lead, and mercury concentrations in human breast milk, in placenta, maternal blood, and the blood of the newborn
- 139 Downloads
The concentrations of the trace elements Cd, Hg, Pb, and Se during the perinatal period in human placenta and in the blood of the mother and the newborn (cord blood) were determined. Breast milk (colostrum and mature milk) was also included to permit correlations between the different compartments. For Cd, a placental barrier exists, in accord with previous observations. For Pb, a strong correlation between the concentrations in the blood of the mother and of the newborn was found. The concentration of Hg was in most cases below low the detection limit. Its concentration in colostrum was higher than in the mature milk. The results for Se reflect the knowledge about an essential trace element. Strong positive correlations were noted between maternal blood and cord blood and maternal milk.
Anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) was used for the determination of Cd and Pb, cold vapor AAS (CVAAS) for the determination of Hg, and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) for the determination of Se.
Index EntriesHuman breast milk—Cd, Pb, Hg, and Se in placenta—Cd, Pb, Hg, and Se in maternal blood—Cd, Pb, Hg, and Se in newborns’ blood—Cd, Pb, Hg, and Se in
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.R. Thieme, P. Schramel, B.-J. Klose, and E. Waidl,Geburtsh. und Frauenheilk. 34, 36–41 (1974).Google Scholar
- 2.R. Thieme, P. Schramel, B.-J. Klose, and E. Waidl,Geburtsch. und Frauenheilk. 35, 349–353 (1975).Google Scholar
- 3.R. Thieme, P. Schramel, and E. Kurz,Geburtsh. und Frauenheilk. 37, 756–761 (1977).Google Scholar
- 5.K. Schwarz, and J. E. Spallholz, inCadmium, Spurenelement-Symposium 2, Wissenschaftl. M. Anke, and H.-J. Schneider, Eds., Publikationen F.-Schiller-Univ. Jena p. 188 (1977).Google Scholar
- 6.M. Anke, B. Groppel and H. Kronemann, inTrace Element Analytical Chemistry in Medicine and Biology, vol. 3, P. Brätter and P. Schramel, eds., Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York (1984).Google Scholar
- 7.R. Thieme, B.-J. Klose, P. Schramel and K. Samsahl,Geburtsh. und Frauenheilk. 33, 652–661 (1973).Google Scholar
- 8.P. Schramel, S. Hasse, and G. Knapp,Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. (in press).Google Scholar
- 9.S. Hasse and P. Schramel,Mikrochimica Acta III 449–455, (1983).Google Scholar
- 11.E. Engelhardt, K. H. Schaller, R. Schiele, and H. Valentin,Zbl. Bakt. Hyg. 1 Abt. Orig. B. 162, 528–543, (1976).Google Scholar
- 12.B. Keilmann, and B. Walter,Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med.,163, 278–282, (1980).Google Scholar
- 18.A. Hennig, G. Jahreis, M. Anke, M. Partschefeld, and M. Grün,Arch. Tierernährung 28, 267 (1978).Google Scholar
- 20.J. Müller, S. Götze, V. Negretti de Brätter, P. Weigert, G. Karkut, A. G. Hildebrandt, and P. Brätter,ZEBS-Hefte 1, Berlin, (1986).Google Scholar
- 21.G. N. Schrauzer,4th Int. Workshop on Trace Element Analytical Chemistry in Medicine and Biology, Neuherberg, F. R. Germany, April 1986.Google Scholar