Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 72, Issue 3–4, pp 337–350 | Cite as

Apparatus structure of the Ordovician conodontDecoriconus peselephantis (Lindström 1955)

  • Anita Löfgren


The Lower Ordovician conodont species first described asScolopodusl peselephantis Lindström 1955, has a seximembrate apparatus of laterally compressed, variously curved and flexed coniform elements. These are very small and invariably striated or multicostate. The taxon is reassigned toDecoriconus Cooper 1975, a genus hitherto known by species from Upper Ordovician and Silurian strata. These younger species share several characteristic morphological features with the older species investigated in this work. When studied in detail, it was discovered thatD. peselephantis was the first species in a lineage which also included two successive new species. Of these,D. mercurius n. sp. occurs in the middle Arenig, whileD. pesequus n. sp. ranges from the late middle Arenig and at least through the Llanvirn, possibly even into the Caradoc. These new species, which were previously included intoS.? peselephantis, are described and their geographic distribution investigated. In addition, a probable homeomorphic form ofD. peselephantis, Toxotodus? gabriellae n. sp., is diagnosed.


Ordovician Outer Side Posterior Edge Late Ordovician Basal Cavity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Die unterordovizische Conodontenart, die zuerst alsScolopodus?peselephantis Lindström 1955 beschrieben worden war, hat einen seximembraten Apparat mit kleinen, konstant berippten, lateral komprimierten und unterschiedlich gekrümmten koniformen Elementen. Die Art wird hier zuDecoriconus Cooper 1975 gestellt, eine Gattung, die bisher nur mit Arten aus dem Spätordovizium und Silur bekannt war. Diese jüngeren Arten haben verschiedene charakteristische morphologische Merkmale gemeinsam mit den älteren Arten, die hier untersucht werden. Nach detaillierter Untersuchung hat sichD. peselephantis als erste Art in einer Entwicklungslinie erwiesen, die zudem auch zwei neue Arten umfaßt:D. mercurius n. sp. aus dem Mittelarenig undD. pesequus n. sp. aus dem späten Mittelarenig, dem gesamten Llanvirn, möglicherweise auch bis in das Caradoc hinein. Diese neuen Arten, die zuvor inS.?peselephantis einbezogen waren, werden hier beschrieben und ihre geographische Verbreitung untersucht. Außerdem wird auch eine zuD. peselephantis wahrscheinlich homöomorphe Form,Toxotodus? gabriellae n. sp., beschrieben.


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© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anita Löfgren
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyLund UniversityLundSweden

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