Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 74, Issue 1–2, pp 187–194 | Cite as

A remarkable new ‘gruiform’ bird from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)

Article

Abstract

Salmila robusta n. gen., n. sp. (Aves: ‘Gruiformes’) is described from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany). The new species is assumed to have had a predominantly terrestrial habit. It shares derived features of the carpometacarpus with the recent Psophiidae and some taxa of the Cariamae. In several features, however, it distinctly differs from other ‘gruiform’ birds (e. g. in the larger proximal end of the humerus and in the shape of the margo caudalis of the sternum). AlthoughSalmila robusta has been tentatively assigned to the Cariamae in this study, its exact systematic position deserves further investigations. The rather short tarsometatarsus of the new species resembles that of the ‘Messel-phorusrhacid’Aenigmavis sapeaPeters 1987.

Kurzfassung

Salmila robusta n. gen., n. sp. (Aves: ‘Gruiformes’) wird aus dem Mittel-Eozän von Messel (Hessen, Deutschland) beschrieben. Die neue Art war vermutlich vorwiegend bodenbewohnend und teilt abgeleitete Merkmale des Carpometacarpus mit den rezenten Psophiidae und einigen Taxa der Cariamae. Sie unterscheidet sich jedoch in einigen Merkmalen deutlich von anderen ‘gruiformen’ Vögeln (z.B. im größeren proximalen Ende des Humerus und in der Form des caudalen Sternumrandes).Salmila robusta wurde unter Vorbehalt zu den Cariamae gestellt, aber ihre genaue systematische Stellung muß noch weiter untersucht werden. Der recht kurze Tarsometatarsus der neuen Art ähnelt dem des ‘Messel-Phorusrhaciden’Aenigmavis sapeaPeters 1987.

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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of OrnithologyForschungsinstitut SenckenbergFrankfurt am MainGermany

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