Phytoremediation to increase the degradation of PCBs and PCDD/Fs

Potential and limitations
  • Bruno F. Campanella
  • Claudia Bock
  • Peter Schröder
Phytoremediation: PCBs and PCDD/Fs

Abstract

Phytoremediation is already regarded as an efficient technique to remove or degrade various pollutants in soils, water and sediments. However, hydrophobic organic molecules such as PAHs, PCBs and PCDD/Fs are much less responsive to bioremediation strategies than, for example, BTEX or LAS. PCDD/Fs and PCBs represent 3 prominent groups of persistent organic pollutants that share common chemical, toxicological and environmental properties. Their widespread presence in the environment may be explained by their chemical and biological stability. This review considers their fate and dissipation mechanisms. It is then possible to identify major sinks and to understand biological activities useful for remediation. Public health and economic priorities lead to the conclusion that alternative techniques to physical treatments are required. This review focuses on particular problems encountered in biodegradation and bioavailability of PCDD/Fs and PCBs. It highlights the potential and limitations of plants and micro-organisms as bioremediation agents and summarises how plants can be used to augment bacterial activity. Phytoremediation is shown to provide some new possibilities in reducing risks associated with dioxins and PCBs.

Keywords

Bioavailability bioremediation dioxin dechlorination decontamination degradation environment fungi oxygenase PCBs PCDD/F peroxidase phytoremediation toxicity 

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Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno F. Campanella
    • 1
  • Claudia Bock
    • 2
  • Peter Schröder
    • 3
  1. 1.Environmental Toxicology LaboratoryAgricultural UniversityGemblouxBelgium
  2. 2.Zentrales Analytisches LaborBTU CottbusCottbusGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Soil EcologyGSF-National Research Center for Environment and Health, NeuherbergOberschleißheimGermany

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