The bait-lamina test

General aspects, applications and perspectives
  • Werner KratzEmail author
Soil Sciences: Research Articles


A general introduction of the bait-lamina test has been made in this article. This article has an introductional character for other articles dealing with the bait-lamina test method and gives the experimental data.

The test was first introduced by Törne in 1990 to measure the biological activity of soil. It enables the monitoring of biotic (microbial and zootic) processes in the soil within a short period of time, and detailed investigations. The test system is based on visual assessment of feeding on small portions of thin laminated bait substrate exposed to edaphic processes. The test system has found its application mainly in Germany but in the meanwhile also in Portugal, Switzerland and in the Netherlands in laboratories of soil ecology and soil ecotoxicology. At present there are only few publications in the international literature, but the interest in this method is growing. During the past years two workshops on the subject have been organized in Germany to summarize experiences with and to evaluate the test system and optimize the standard procedure.


Bait-lamina test, introduction, experimental data eco-toxicology, soil, bait-lamina test soil, biological activity, bait-lamina test 


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Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich BiologieFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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