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Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 67, Issue 1–2, pp 145–168 | Cite as

The subdivisions and fusions of the exoskeletal skull bones ofDiscosauriscus austriacus (Makowsky 1876) and their possible homologues in rhipidistians

  • Josef Klembara Bratislava
Article

Abstract

Two localities in the Boskovice Furrow region of Moravia (Czecho-Slovakia) have produced new, well preserved material of the Lower Permian tetrapodDiscosauriscus austriacus (Makowsky 1876). A relatively large number of specimens have been found with some dermal skull roof bones partly or fully subdivided, and/or fused. These are the first records of such subdivisions and fusions in this tetrapod and the following bones are discussed: frontal, postfrontal, parietal, intertemporal, supratemporal, tabular and postparietal. The subdivided bones within the skull roof ofDiscosauriscus (and some dissorophoids) are situated at the same places as those found in Devonian rhipidistians, and may relate to the homology of the bones of the cranial exoskeletal roof inDiscosauriscus and in osteolepiforms. It shows that the “orthodox” terminology of the skull roof bones used in osteolepiforms is correct.

Keywords

Devonian Dorsal View Middle Devonian Posterolateral Corner Lateral Line System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AN

angular

D

dermosphenotic

ES (corap.)

compound extrascapular

ES. 1

latral extrascapular

ES. m

median extrascapular

ET POSP postsplenial

extratemporal

FR

frontal

Fr. m.

median frontal

FR. ml

medial frontal

IT

intertemporal

PA

parietal

PA. 1

lateral parietal

PA. m

median parietal

PA. ml

medial parietal

PA-IT

parieto-intertemporal

PFR

prefrontal

PO

postorbital

POFR

postfrontal

POSP

postsplenial

PP

postparietal

PP. m

median postparietal

SAN

surangular

SO

supraorbital

SP-DE

splenio-dentary

SQ

squamosal

ST

supratemporal(s)

TA

tabular

TA-PP

tabulo-postparietal

TE. p

posterior tectal

Kurzfassung

Sehr gut erhaltenes Material des unterpermischen TetrapodenDiscosauriscus austriacus (Makowsky 1876) wurde von zwei Lokalitäten in der Boskovice Furche in Mähren (Tschechoslowakei) gewonnen. Eine relativ große Zahl der Individuen hat teilweise oder ganz geteilte oder auch verschmolzene Schädeldachknochen. Solche Teilungen und Verschmelzungen sind bei dieser Art noch nie gefunden worden, und sie betreffen die folgenden Knochen: Frontale, Postfrontale, Parietale, Intertemporale, Supratemporale, Tabulare und Postparietale. Die geteilten Knochen im Schädeldach vonDiscosauriscus (und einigen Dissorophoiden) haben dieselbe relative Position wie bei den devonischen Rhipidistiern, und sie liefern daher Argumente für die Homologisierung der Exocranialknochen zwischenDiscosauriscus und den Osteolepiformes. Es zeigt sich, daß die »orthodoxe Version« der Schädeldachterminologie, die bei den Osteolepiformen verwendet wird, die korrekte ist.

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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josef Klembara Bratislava
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoological Institute of Comenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia

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