Spargelstangenuntersuchungen zur Haupterntezeit auf Infektionen mitFusarium spp. und Kontaminationen mit Fumonisin B1
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- Goßmann, M., Beran, F., Bedlan, G. et al. Mycotox Res (2008) 24: 88. doi:10.1007/BF02985286
Investigation on asparagus spears during the main harvest byFusarium spp.- infections and contamination by Fumonisin B1
Asparagus spears collected from a total of six commercial plantings in Austria during the main harvest periods in May and June of 2003 and 2004 were examined for endophytic colonization byFusarium spp., particularlyF. proliferatum. Potentially toxigenic fungi such asF. proliferatum were isolated and identified by morphological characteristics using light microscopy. Fumonisin B1 inF. proliferatum-infected asparagus spears was detected with IAS-HPLC-FLD or HPLC-MS/MS. The identity of endophytic fungi colonizing of a total of 816 individual spears was determined. The incidence of infection byF. proliferatum and otherFusarium spp. was highly dependent on location and sampling date. The dominantFusarium species among the endophytic microflora wasF. oxysporum. Other frequently isolated species includedF. proliferatum, F. sambucinum, F. culmorum, F. avenaceum andF. equiseti. The incidence ofF. proliferatum-infected asparagus spears was less than 10% at four of the six sampling locations. At the two remaining locations, 20–47% of the spears examined were infected withF. proliferatum. Further exploration of FB1 generation in asparagus is required because the low levels of FB1 (10–50 (μg/kg) detected in harvested spears in 2003 and 2004 cannot be explained by the results of this study.
KeywordsSpargel Wurzel-, Kronen- und Stängelfäule Fusarium oxysporum Fusarium proliferatum Fumonisin B1
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