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Phytoparasitica

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 97–106 | Cite as

Current status of red palm weevil infestation in date palm plantations in Israel

  • V. SorokerEmail author
  • D. Blumberg
  • A. Haberman
  • M. Hamburger-Rishard
  • S. Reneh
  • S. Talebaev
  • L. Anshelevich
  • A. R. Harari
Entomology

Abstract

The red palm weevilRhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (RPW) is the most serious pest of date palms in the Middle East. Weevil infestation was first detected in Israel in the summer of 1999 in date plantations in the Jordan Valley, on the west bank of the Jordan River and in the northern area of the Dead Sea. For 2 years following the discovery of the pest, prophylactic insecticide chemical treatments as well as adult weevil trapping were carried out over 450 ha of date palm plantations. Traps loaded with a commercial aggregation pheromone, ferrugineol, supplemented with ethyl acetate and a fermenting mixture of dates and sugarcane molasses, were posted in high trap density (approx. ten traps per ha) in order to monitor weevil infestation and reduce the RPW population by mass trapping. A significant decrease in number of trapped beetles and infested trees was observed in 2001 and continued in the following years. No infested trees have been found since 2002, indicating a decrease in RPW population. The sex ratio of trapped adults during 3 years of study was significantly female-biased (∼2.5:1). Therefore, mass trapping might have played a significant role in the suppression of RPW populations in date plantations.

Key words

Red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus adult mass trapping sex ratio date palm aggregation pheromone 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Soroker
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. Blumberg
    • 1
  • A. Haberman
    • 2
  • M. Hamburger-Rishard
    • 2
  • S. Reneh
    • 1
  • S. Talebaev
    • 1
  • L. Anshelevich
    • 1
  • A. R. Harari
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of EntomologyARO, The Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael
  2. 2.Plant Protection & Inspection ServicesIsrael Ministry of AgricultureBet DaganIsrael

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