, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 325–341 | Cite as

Spatial analysis of pheromone trap catches of codling moth (Cydia pomonella) in two heterogeneous agro-ecosystems, using geostatistical techniques

  • P. TrematerraEmail author
  • P. Gentile
  • A. Sciarretta


From 2000 to 2002, local distribution and dispersion patterns of the codling moth,Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), captured in pheromone traps were investigated in two heterogeneous agro-ecosystems (A and B) of the Molise region, in central Italy. The main objectives of this study were to determine the temporal and spatial variations in distribution and abundance of codling moth inside and outside apple orchards located in these study areas, and to evaluate the importance of the presence of several host plants in relation to the observed distribution. Trap catches of male moths were clumped during almost all sampling weeks. Spatial characterizations obtained by means of geostatistical methods illustrate that the high trap capture foci were confined to the productive apple orchards for both agro-ecosystems or in small groups of apple trees, and in the case of study area B, in a zone containing pear trees, service trees and walnut trees. Occasionally moths were found in traps installed outside these zones. Furthermore, the position of high male population foci seems not to change during a single flight period. The results obtained are discussed with respect to the improvement of Integrated Pest Management programs employed in apple orchards situated in heterogeneous landscapes.

Key words

Cydia pomonella dispersal patterns geostatistics spatial dynamics heterogeneous agro-ecosystems 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. of Animal, Plant and Environmental ScienceUniversity of MosileCampobassoItaly

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