A framework for actualising normalisation data in LCA: Experiences in the Netherlands

LCA methodology

DOI: 10.1007/BF02979500

Cite this article as:
Breedveld, L., Lafleur, M. & Blonk, H. Int. J. LCA (1999) 4: 213. doi:10.1007/BF02979500


In LCA, normalisation is applied to quantify the relative size of the impact scores. Several sets of normalisation data exist in the Netherlands, which all have a certain degree of unreliability. The purpose of this study is to actualise Dutch normalisation data and to make a framework for deriving these data. In this study normalisation data are calculated for three different levels in order to give the LCA practitioner a more extended basis for preparing the interpretation process. The first level of normalisation contains all impacts relating to activities that take place within the Dutch territory. The second level is based on the Dutch final consumption, which means that import and export are taken into account. The third level is an attempt to estimate impacts in Europe based on European data if possible, and otherwise based on extrapolation from the Dutch situation.


Impact assessment Life Cycle Assessment Netherlands normalisation data 

Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water Treatment (RIZA)LelystadThe Netherlands
  2. 2.IVAM Environmental Research (currently working at ECN)The Netherlands
  3. 3.IVAM Environmental Research (currently working for the Dutch eco-labelling system)The Netherlands

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