Towards a methodology for taking physical degradation of ecosystems into account in LCA

  • Hans Blonk
  • Erwin Lindeijer
  • Joris Broers
6th SETAC-Europe Meeting: LCA - Selected Papers


An analytic procedure has been followed to select adequate methods to express ecosystem degradation in LCA. This procedure consisted of problem definition, identification of relevant issues, of a quantitative expression for ecosystem degradation and of possible nature value indicators and building a framework of criteria for selecting adequate methods. With the selection framework a first screening of methods was performed. For full quantification the following formula is proposed: ED = L (Nr- Na), with land use I. = A t and nature value change (Nr- Na) Degradation due to an activity appears difficult to operationalise, but ecosystem suppression by activities can well be assessed. Nr is then the natural background or would-be natural situation. Na can best be described by the actual state during the activity, unless hard data on restoration is available. Na and Nr can be expressed in the biomass production indicator NPP - NCR Biodiversity and/or erosion may be added to include irreversible effects.


Biomass production, indicator degradation, ecosystems ecosystems, degradation environmental effects, landuse erosion, land use evaluation, degradation of ecosystems evaluation, land use impact assessment, LCA indicator, biomass production land use, environmental effects LCA, impact assessment LCA, methodology LC1A nature value indicators, ecosystem degradation 


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Copyright information

© Ecomed Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Blonk
    • 1
  • Erwin Lindeijer
    • 1
  • Joris Broers
    • 2
  1. 1.IVAM Environmental Research UvAAmsterdam
  2. 2.Ministry Directorate Road- and Hydrolics ServicePublic Works and Water Management (RWS) DWWDelft

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