Archives of Pharmacal Research

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 375–382 | Cite as

effect of ginsenoside Rd on nitric oxide system induced by lipopolysaccharide plus TNF-α in C6 rat glioma cells

  • Seong-Soo Choi
  • Jin-Koo Lee
  • Eun-Jung Han
  • Ki-Jung Han
  • Han-Kyu Lee
  • Jongho Lee
  • Hong-Won Suh
Research Articles Articles


Effects of ginsenosides on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide plus TNF-a (LNT) were examined in C6 rat glioma cells. Among several ginsenosides, ginsenoside Rd showed a complete inhibition against LNT-induced NO production. Ginsenoside Rd attenu-ated LNT-induced increased phosphorylation of ERK. Among several immediate early gene products, only Jun B and Fra-1 protein levels were increased by LNT, and ginsenoside Rd attenuated Jun B and Fra-1 protein levels induced by LNT. Furthermore, LNT increased AP-1 DNA binding activities, which were partially inhibited by ginsenoside Rd. Our results suggest that ginsenoside Rd exerts an inhibitory action against NO production via blocking phosphory-lation of ERK, in turn, suppressing immediate early gene products such as Jun B and Fra-1 in C6 glioma cells.

Key words

Ginsenoside Rd Lipopolysaccharide TNF-α Nitric oxide C6 glioma cell ERK Jun B Fra-1 


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Copyright information

© The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seong-Soo Choi
    • 1
  • Jin-Koo Lee
    • 1
  • Eun-Jung Han
    • 1
  • Ki-Jung Han
    • 1
  • Han-Kyu Lee
    • 1
  • Jongho Lee
    • 1
  • Hong-Won Suh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine and Institute of Natural MedicineHallym UniversityChunchonKorea

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