Distribution of deoxynivalenol inFusarium-infected forage maize
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A time course study was carried out to assess the appearance and distribution of DON in different organs of forage maize cultivated in the field. DON was produced after the flowering period and increased until harvest to high amounts in the rudimentary ears and leaf sheaths/leaf blades deriving from nodes located below the ear node, whereas nodes and internodes were either not or only slightly contaminated with DON. Genrally, DON was not detected in the ears, including husks, during the whole cultivation time.Fusarium biomass determined in the infected organs confirmed these findings. It seems that the contribution of DON containing rudimentary ears, leaf sheaths and leaf blades to the total DON contamination of forage maize is so far widely underestimated. Therefore advanced evaluation procedures are recommended to get a better understanding of the infection and contamination process and to prove genotypic differences in the resistance of forage maize genotypes againstFusarium infection.
Keywordsforage maize plant organs infection Fusarium spp deoxynivalenol
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