Journal of Gastroenterology

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 184–188 | Cite as

Helicobacter pylori infection accelerates human gastric mucosal cell proliferation

  • Kazunari Murakami
  • Toshio Fujioka
  • Reiji Kodama
  • Toshihiro Kubota
  • Masashi Tokieda
  • Masaru Nasu
Alimentary Tract

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori causes chronic atrophic gastritis and intestinal type gastric cancer arises against a background of atrophic gastritis. Increased proliferation of epithelial cells is an important indicator of increased risk for gastric adenocarcinoma. We investigated gastric mucosal cell proliferation inH. pylori-associated gastritis and the effect of eradication therapy on this proliferation in 45 patients endoscopically diagnosed (31 with persistent eradication and 14 in whomH. pylori) recurred.H. pylori status was determined by culture and histology in biopsied specimens from the gastric antrum and corpus. Eradication of the infection was defined as reversal to negative on both tests. In vitro Ki-67 immunostaining of endoscopic biopsy specimens was used to measure mucosal cell proliferation inH. pylori-associated gastritis before and after therapy. The proliferative zone was defined as the distance of Ki-67-positive gastric epithelial cells between the highest and the lowest cells. In patients in whomH. pylori was eradicated, cell proliferation in both the antral and corpus mucosa had decreased 4 weeks after completion of the eradication therapy (P<0.01,P<0.001), and 6 months later, it had markedly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.05) and returned to normal. In patients in whomH. pylori recurred, only antral epithelial cell proliferation was reduced 4 weeks after eradication therapy, but whenH. pylori recurred, determined by culture and histology, cell proliferation level was the same as that before eradication. These results suggest thatH. pylori infection accelerates cell proliferation in gastric mucosa and may play a causal role in the chain of events leading to gastric carcinoma.

Key words

Helicobacter pylori gastric cancer cell proliferation Ki-67 eradication therapy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazunari Murakami
    • 1
  • Toshio Fujioka
    • 1
  • Reiji Kodama
    • 1
  • Toshihiro Kubota
    • 1
  • Masashi Tokieda
    • 1
  • Masaru Nasu
    • 1
  1. 1.Second Department of Internal MedicineOita Medical UniversityOitaJapan

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