Optical Review

, 4:A20

Fundamentals of the interferometric fiber-optic gyroscope

  • Hervé C. Lefèvre
Review

Abstract

This paper reviews the basics of the interferometric fiber-optic gyroscope: fundamental principle based on Sagnac effect, importance of reciprocity and single-mode propagation, analysis of coherence and polarization problems, signal processing techniques. It also describes the technological progresses of guided-wave components (single-mode optical fiber, semi-conductor diode source, integrated optics, in-line fiber components). Finally, recent trends like multi-axis configurations and rare-earth doped fiber source are presented.

Key words

fiber-optic gyroscope fiber optics interferometry fiber-optic sensor 

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Copyright information

© The Optical Society of Japan 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hervé C. Lefèvre
    • 1
  1. 1.PhotoneticsMarly-le-RoiFrance

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