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Production of acrylamide using immobilized cells ofRhodococcus rhodochrous M33

  • Bu-Youn Kim
  • Hyung-Hwan Hyun
Article

Abstract

The cellsof Rhodococcus rhodochrous M33, which produce a nitrile hydratase enzyme, were immobilized in acrylamide-based polymer gels. The optimum pH and temperature for the activity of nitrile hydratase in both the free and immobilized cells were 7.4 and 45°C, respectively, yet the optinum temperature for acrylamide production by the immobilized cells was 20°C. The nitrile hydratase of the immobilized cells was more stable with acrylamide than that of the free cells. Under optimal conditions, the final acrylamide concentration reached about 400 g/L with a conversion yield of almost 100% after 8 h of reaction when using 150 g/L of immobilized cells corresponding to a 1.91 g-dry cell weight/L. The enzyme activity of the immobilized cells rapidly decreased with repeated use. However, the quality of the acrylamide produced by the immobilized cells was much better than that produced by the free cells in terms of color, salt content, turbidity, and foam formation. The quality of the aqueous acrylamide solution obtained was found to be of commercial use without further purification.

Keywords

nitrile hydratase immobilization Rhodococcus rhodochrous M33 acrylamide 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.R&D CenterTong Suh Petrochemical Corp. Ltd.Nam-UlsanKorea
  2. 2.Department of Bioscience and BiotechnologyHankuk University of Foreign StudiesKyunggi-doKorea

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