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Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 34, Issue 3–4, pp 275–283 | Cite as

Growth and pigment content of wheat as influenced by the combined effects of salinity and growth regulators

  • H. S. Aldesuquy
Article

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of presoaking the wheat grains (Triticum aestivum L.) in different levels of salinity (33 or 66 mM) and in growth regulators (indolyl-3-acetic acid, IAA at SO g m-3, gibberellic acid, GA3 at 100 g m-3, or kinetin at 100 g m-3) on the shoot growth and pigment content of the developing wheat flag leaf. Salinity at 33 or 66 mM led to an insignificant increase in the fresh and dry masses as well as in the shoot diameter and shoot length, but it attenuated the flag leaf area. In the majority of cases, salinity increased the chlorophyll (Chla, Chlb) and carotenoid contents as well as the number of chloroplasts per a mesophyll cell. The growth in the wheat shoot of the saline-treated plants was, in general, stimulated in response to presoaking the grains in kinetin or GA3. On the other hand, IAA + salinity led to a negligible effect on the growth in the wheat plants particularly at the early stages of growth. The presoaking of grains in NaCl at 33 mM + IAA or 66 mM + kinetin induced a marked increase in the pigment content of the wheat flag leaf particularly at the early stages of growth. The interaction between salinity and phytohormones increased the number of chloroplasts; kinetin was the most effective.

Keywords

Kinetin Gibberellic Acid Shoot Length Wheat Plant Mesophyll Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. S. Aldesuquy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceMansoura UniversityMansouraEgypt

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