Advertisement

Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 264–271 | Cite as

Purification and properties of arabis mosaic and tomato bushy stunt viruses isolated from lilac (Syringa vulgaris L.)

  • J. B. Novák
  • Julie Lanzová
Article

Abstract

The paper gives more detailed characteristics of Arabis mosaic virus (AMV) and tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) isolated from lilac, the latter being identified in lilac (from plants suffering from yellow ring disease) for the first time. The isolate of TBSV from lilac, from which an antiserum with a titre of 1024 was prepared, is closely related to the artichoke strain. Information is given about two types of ringspot disease and about chlorotic ringspot of lilac. Whereas in the leaves of lilac suffering from ringspot disease (of ring mosaic type) the presence of AMV was demonstrated, the sap transmission from the leaves diseased with ringspot of linepattern (and wave-like mosaic) type failed; from the leaves affected by chlorotic ringspot a mixture of AMV and cherry leaf roll virus was identified. In addition, the polyetiological nature of “spring” mosaic and necrotic mosaic of lilac, in which bacteriumPseudomonas syringaevan Hall, was found is dealt with. The TBSV was also identified in the isolate of necrotic mosaic.Additional index words: Lilac ringspot, chlorotic ringspot, yellow ring, “spring” mosaic, necrotic mosaic, cherry leaf roll virus,Pseudomonas syringaevan Hall.

Keywords

Chenopodium Quinoa Tomato Bushy Stunt Virus Tobacco Necrosis Virus Yellow Ring Tomato Black Ring Virus 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albrechtová, L., Chod, J., Zimandl, B.: Nachweis des Tomatenzwergbusch-Virus (Tomato bushy stunt virus) in Süsskirschen, die mit virösem Zweigkrebs befallen waren. - Phytopathol. Z.82: 25–34, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Harrison, B. D., Nixon, H. L.: Purification and electron microscopy of three soil-borne plant viruses. -Virology12: 104–117, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Huttinga, H., Mosch, W. H. M.: Lilac ring mottle virus: a coat protein-dependent virus with a tripartite genom. -Acta Horticult.59: 113–118, 1976.Google Scholar
  4. Chod, J., Polák, J., Novák, M.: Untersuchungen über dasPelargonium leaf curl virus in der Tschechoslowakei. - Zentralbl. Bakt. etc. II. Abt.127: 676–682, 1974.Google Scholar
  5. Kegler, H., Opel, H.: Ein verbessertes Verfahren zum Nachweiss von Bingfleckenviren der Kirsche mit krautigen Testpftanzen. - Albrecht Thaer Arch.7: 237–244, 1963.Google Scholar
  6. Kegleb, H., Richter, J., Schmidt, H. B.: Untersuchungen zur Identifizierung und Differenzierung des Blattrollvirus der Kirsche (cherry leaf roll virus). - Phytopathol. Z.56: 313to 330, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Klement, Z.: Rapid detection of the pathogenicity of phytopathogenic pseudomonads. - Nature199: 299–300, 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kochman, J. H., Kowaiska, B., Szymanska, B.: Untersuchungen über Virosen des Flieders (Syringa vulgaris L.) und des Ligusters (Ligustrum vulgare L.). - Phytopathol. Z.51: 333 to 350, 1964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Martelli, G. P., Quacquarelli, A., Russo, M.: Tomato bushy stunt virus. - C.M.I./A.A.B. Descriptions of Plant Viruses. No. 69, 1971.Google Scholar
  10. van der Meer,F. A.: Observations on lilac ringspot. - Acta Hortieult.59: 105–111, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. van der Meer, F. A., Huttinga, H., Maat, D. Z.: Lilac ring mottle virus: isolation from lilac, some properties, and relation to lilac ringspot disease. - Neth. J. Plant Pathol.82: 67–80, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Novák, J. B.: [Viruses in the familly ofOleaceae.] In Czech. - Preslia30: 365 (Abstr.), 1958.Google Scholar
  13. Novák, J. B.: [Transmission and dissemination of virus diseases on some woody plants.] In Czech. - Sbornik Vysoké školy zemědělskě (Praha)1966: 471–484, 1966.Google Scholar
  14. Novák, J. B.: Investigation of virus diseases of lilac. - In: Proceedings of the 6th. Conf. of the Czechoslovak Plant Virologists. Olomouc 1967. Pp. 289–299, 1969.Google Scholar
  15. Novák, J. B., Brabencova, M., Lanzova, J.: [Serological diagnosis of bacteriaPseudomonas syringae van Hall. and its practical use.] In Czech. - In: Sbornik Vysokě skoly zemědělskě, Fak. agron. (Praha), řada A, díl 2,1976: 193–203, 1976.Google Scholar
  16. Novák, J., Lanzová, J.: [Serological identification of cherry leaf roll virus on some woody plants in Czechoslovakia.] In Czech. - Sbornik Vysoké školy zemědělské, Fak. agron. (Praha), řada A,1974: 175–182, 1974.Google Scholar
  17. Novák, J. B., Lanzova, J.: Etiology of two virus diseases of lilac (Syringa vulgaris L.) occurring in Czechoslovakia. - Biol. Plant.17: 226–227, 1975a.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Novák, J. B., Lanzová, J.: [On the etiology of cherry detrimental canker.] In Czech. -Sborník Vysoké školy zemědělské, Fak. agron. (Praha), řada A, díl 3,1975: 205–223, 1975b.Google Scholar
  19. Novák, J. B., Lanzová, J.: Identification of alfalfa mosaic virus and tomato bushy stunt virus in hop (Humulus lupulus L.) and grapevine (Vitis vinifera subsp.)sativa (Dc./Hegi) plants in Czechoslovakia. - Biol. Plant.18: 152–154, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Novák, J. B., Lanzová, J.: Identification of tomato bushy stunt virus in cherry and plum trees showing fruit pitting symptoms. - Biol. Plant.19: 234–237, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Scmhelzer, K.: Untersuchungen an Viren der Zier- und Wildgeholze. 7. Mitteilung. - Phytopathol. Z.67: 285–326, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Smolák, J., Novák, J. B.: [Virus diseases of lilac] In Czech. - Ochrana Rostlin (Praha)23: 285 to 304, 1950.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. B. Novák
    • 1
  • Julie Lanzová
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant ProtectionUniversity of AgriculturePrahaCzechoslovakia

Personalised recommendations