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Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 171–178 | Cite as

A new method of sap flow rate determination in trees

  • J. Čermák
  • M. Deml
  • M. Penka
Article

Abstract

A new method of sap flow rate determination in stems of adult trees is described in which mass flow (the transpiration flux in the present case) is estimated from a heat-transfer measurement. The device used includes a couple of thermometers in a differential connection and plate electrodes, through which a controlled heat input flows into a denned studied segment of the xylem. The present method was tested first with a laboratory simulating system, then with the stem of a living adult treePrunus avium L. The data are registered continually and automatically; continuous measurement of sap flow rate of long duration with a greater number of trees is thus made possible.

Keywords

Heat Loss Heat Input Secondary Xylem Plate Electrode Electrical Output 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Metoda stanovenÍ vedenÍ vody u dřevin

Abstract

Byla navržena nová metoda stanovenÍ vedenÍ vody v kmeni adultnÍch stromÜ, založená na principu mčřeni hmotného toku (transpiraeniho proudu) na základĚ prenosu tepla. ZařÍzčnÍ se skládá z dvojice diferenciálnč zapojených teplomčrů a deskových elektrod, kterými je přiváděn kontrolovaný tepelný výkon do zkoumané části aktivnÍho xylemu (definovaného segmentu), Navrženà metoda byla vyzkoušena na simulátoru v laboratornÍch podminkàch a na kmeni živého adultnÍho stromuPrunus avium L. Data jsou plnč automaticky a kontinuálnč registre-vána: to umožňuje kontinuámÍ sledovànÍ intensity transpiračnÍho proudu po dlouhá časová údobÍ simultánč u vĚtšÍho počtu stromů.

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References

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Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Čermák
    • 1
  • M. Deml
    • 1
  • M. Penka
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of International Biological Programme at the Department of Forest Botany and PhytoooenologyUniversity of AgricultureBrnoCzechoslovakia

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