A degenerate Newton’s map in two complex variables: Linking with currents

  • Roland K. W. Roeder

DOI: 10.1007/BF02922086

Cite this article as:
Roeder, R.K.W. J Geom Anal (2007) 17: 107. doi:10.1007/BF02922086


Little is known about the global structure of the basins of attraction of Newton’s method in two or more complex variables. We make the first steps by focusing on the specific Newton mapping to solve for the common roots of P(x, y) = x(1−x) and Q(x, y) = y2 + Bxy − y.

There are invariant circles S0 and S1 within the lines x = 0 and x = 1 which are superattracting in the x-direction and hyperbolically repelling within the vertical line. We show that S0 and S1 have local super-stable manifolds, which when pulled back under iterates of N form global super-stable spaces W0 and W1. By blowing-up the points of indeterminacy p and q of N and all of their inverse images under N we prove that W0 and W1 are real-analytic varieties.

We define linking between closed 1-cycles in Wi (i = 0, 1) and an appropriate closed 2 current providing a homomorphism lk: H1 (Wi, ℤ) → ℚ. If Wi intersects the critical value locus of N, this homomorphism has dense image, proving that H1 (Wi, ℤ) is infinitely generated. Using the Mayer-Vietoris exact sequence and an algebraic trick, we show that the same is true for the closures of the basins of the roots\(\overline {W(r_i )} \)

Math Subject Classifications

37F20 32Q55 32H50 58K15 

Key Words and Phrases

Complex dynamics Newton’s Method homology linking numbers invariant currents 

Copyright information

© Mathematica Josephina, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roland K. W. Roeder
    • 1
  1. 1.Fields InstituteTorontoCanada

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