Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 46–56 | Cite as

Soil erosion under different land use types and zones of Jinsha River Basin in Yunnan Province, China

  • Yang Zisheng
  • Liang Luohui


Severe soil erosion in the middle and upper reaches of Yangtze River has been regarded as a major environmental problem. The on-site impact of soil erosion on agricultural production and the off-site impact on floods and sedimentation in Yangtze Rive are well known. A quantitative assessment of soil erosion intensity is still scanty for developing appropriate soil erosion control measures for different land use types and zones in this region. This article constructs a localized USLE and estimates the average soil loss in the Jinsha River Region in Yunnan Province, one of the priority areas for soil erosion control in the middle and upper reaches of Yangtze River. The estimation is done under different land uses and zones in this basin. The estimation shows that while soil erosion in the cultivated land is the most severe, 36–40% of the garden and forest land suffers from soil erosion of various degrees due to lack of ground cover and other factors. Soil erosion in the pasture is modest when the ground cover is well maintained. It also confirmed that terracing can reduce soil erosion intensity significantly on the cultivated land. Research findings suggest that sufficient attention must be paid to regeneration of the ground cover in reforestation programs. In addition to mass reforestation efforts, restoration of grassland and terracing of the cultivated land should also play an important role in erosion control.


Soil erosion soil loss equation land use type soil erosion control Jinsha River Basin in Yunnan 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. CHEN Fayang and WANG Zhiming. 1992. Application of Universal Soil Loss Equation at Xiaoliang Water and Soil Conservation Experiment Station.Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation 12(1): 23–41 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. Eric Roose. 1996.Land husbandry — Components and strategy. FAO Soil Bulletin70. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.Google Scholar
  3. Flanagan, D. C., Nearing, M. A. and Laflen, J. M. ed. 1995.USDA—Water Erosion Prediction Project: Hillslope Profile and Region Model Documentation. NSERL Report No.10, USDA—ARS National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory, West Lafayette.Google Scholar
  4. HAO Feng, QUAN Jian, YANG Zisheng,et al. 2000.Land Resources of Yunnan. Kunming, China: Yunnan Science and Technology Press. Pp 60–420. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. HUANG Yanhe and LU Chenglong. 1993. Advances in the application of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) in China.Journal of Fujian Agricultural College (Natural Science Edition) 22(1): 73–77. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Laflen, J. M., Lwonard, J. L. and Foster, G. R. 1991. WEPP a new generation of erosion prediction technology.Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 46(1): 34–38.Google Scholar
  7. LI Wenhua. 1999. Flood of Yangtze River and ecological restoration.Journal of Natural Resources 14(1): 1–8. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. LIU Baoyuan and SHI Peijun. 1998. Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) Model for Region Scale.Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation 18(5): 6–12. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. LIU Jiang. ed. 1999.Planning of National ecological environmental construction of China. Beijing: The Chinese Industrial and Commercial Association Press. Pp 21–54; 528–552. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Meyer, L. D. 1984. Evolution of the Universal Soil Loss Equation.Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 39: 99–104Google Scholar
  11. Ministry of Water Resources of China (MWRC). 1997. SL190-60:Standards for classification and gradation of soil erosion. Beijing: Water Resources & Hydropower Press of China. Pp 2–20. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. National Agricultural Regional Planning Commission of China (NARPCC). 1984.The Technical Rules of Present Land Use Investigation. Beijing: Surveying and Mapping Press. Pp 5–13. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Wischmeier, W. H. and Smith, D. D. 1978. Predicting rainfall erosion losses — a guide to conservation planning.Agriculture handbook 537, USDA. Pp 12–72.Google Scholar
  14. YANG Zisheng. 1999a. Review of study on soil erosion of sloping cultivated land and its sustainable use in the northeast mountain region of Yunnan Province of the Upper Yangtze River.Journal of Mountain Science 17(Supplment): 1–5. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. YANG Zisheng. 1999b. Study on soil loss equation of cultivated slopeland in northeast mountain region of Yunnan Province.Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation 19(1): 1–9. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. YANG Zisheng. 2002. Study on soil loss equation in Jinsha River Basin of Yunnan Province.Journal of Mountain Science 20 (Supplment): 1–9. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  17. YANG Zisheng and LIANG Luohui. 2003. Traditional land use for sustainable land use: The case of Yunnan Province, China. In:UNESCO. Encyclopedia of Life Supporting System. (in press).Google Scholar
  18. ZHANG Xianhui, XU Jinghua, LU Xiuqin,et al. 1992. A study on the soil loss equation in Heilongjiang Province.Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation 12(4): 1–9. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. ZHENG Fenli, LIU Feng, YANG Qinke,et al. 2001. Review of research progress in soil erosion prediction model.Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation 21 (6): 16–18. (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Moutain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Science Press 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yang Zisheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Liang Luohui
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Land & Resources and Sustainable DevelopmentYunnan University of Finance and EconomicsKunmingChina
  2. 2.School of Resources Environment and Earth ScienceYunnan UniversityKunmingChina
  3. 3.Environment and Sustainable Developmentthe United Nations UniversityTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations