Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 105–116 | Cite as

Chromium, selenium, and other trace element intakes of a selected sample of Canadian premenopausal women

  • Rosalind S. Gibson
  • Cindy A. Scythes
Original Articles

Abstract

Daily Cr, Se, Ag, Cs, Rb, Sb, and Sc intakes of 84 Canadian women aged 30.3±6.1 yr (mean±SD) living in a University community and consuming self-selected diets were determined by analyses of 1-d food composites collected by the subjects. Aliquots of the homogenized food composites were freeze-dried and then analyzed by instrumental neutron activation procedures following irradiation for 72h. In all cases, trace element concentrations in the food composites were non-Gaussian. Median daily intakes were: Cr, 47 μg; Se, 74 μg; Ag, 7.1 μg; Cs, 4.4 μg; Rb, 1.5 mg; Sb 2.0 μg; and Sc, 0.38 μg. Sixty percent and 24% of the subjects received daily Cr and Se intakes, respectively, below the US Food and Nutrition Board safe and adequate range. High Cr density diets were associated with a significantly higher consumption of cheese and dry legumes and nuts (p<0.05). In the high Se density diets, intakes of grain products and breakfast cereals were significantly higher (p<0.05), and intakes of potatoes, table fats, total fat, saturated fat, and oleic acid were significantly lower (p<0.05) compared to the low Se density diets. The low daily Cr intakes evident in this study may be cause for concern in view of the increasing evidence that women may be at greater risk for deficiency of Cr than men because of Cr depletion during pregnancy.

Index Entries

Chromium, in premenopausal women selenium, in premenopausal women silver, in premenopausal women cesium, in premenopausal women rubidium, in premenopausal women antimony, in premenopausal women scandium, in premenopausal women trace elements, in premenopausal women dietary intakes, in premenopausal women premenopausal women, trace element intake in women, premenopausal, trace element intake in 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R. A. Levine, D. H. P. Streeten, and R. J. Doisy,Metabolism 17, 114 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. M. Hambidge, C. Hambidge, M. Jacobs, and J. D. Baum,Pediatr. Res. 6, 868 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. G. Graham and A. Cordano,Johns Hopkins Med. J. 124, 139 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. W. Solomons, and R. A. Jacob,Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34, 475 (1981).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. S. Prasad, G. J. Brewer, E. B. Schoomaker, and P. Rabbani,JAMA 240, 2166 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. H. Sandstead,J. Lab. Clin. Med. 98, 457 (1981).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. L. Greger and S. M. Snedeker,J. Nutr. 110, 2243 (1980).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. H. N. Golden and B. E. Golden,Br. Med. Bull. 37, 31 (1981).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. A. Schroeder,Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 24, 505 (1974).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. R. Elkins,Food Technol. 33, 66 (1979).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. H. Watkinson,New Zeal. Med. J. 80, 202 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. Koivistoinen,Acta Agric. Scand. Suppl. 22, (1980).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. T. Kumpulainen, E. Vuori, S. Makiner, and R. Kara,Br. J. Nutr. 44, 257 (1980).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. D. H. Stewart, N. M. Griffiths, C. D. Thomson, and M. F. Robinson,Br. J. Nutr. 40, 45 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. Varo and P. Koivistoinen,Int. J. Vit. Nutr. Res. 1, 79 (1981).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. T. Karlsen, G. Norheim, and A. Froslie,Acta Agric. Scand. 31, 165 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. C. Mondragon and W. G. Jaffe,Arch. Latinoam. Nutr. 26, 341 (1976).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. Yasumoto, K. Iwami, M. Yoshida, and H. Mitsuda,Eiyo. To. Shokuryo 29, 511 (1976).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G. N. Schrauzer and D. A. White,Bioinorg. Chem. 8, 303 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. N. Ganapathy and R. Dhandra,Ind. J. Nutr. Dietet. 17, 53 (1980).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. S. Gibson and C. A. Scythes,Br. J. Nutr. 48, 241 (1982).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. T. Helwig and K. A. Council, eds.,Statistical Analysis System Users Guide, Raleigh, SAS Institute Inc., 1979.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. O. Welsh, J. M. Holden, W. R. Wolf, and O. A. Levander,J. Am. Dietet. Assn. 79, 277 (1981).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. G. Offenbacher and Pi-Sunyer,Diabetes 29, 919 (1980).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Railes and M. J. Albrink,Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34, 2670 (1981).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. T. Kumpulainen, W. R. Wolf, C. Veillon, and W. Mertz,J. Agric. Food Chem. 27, 493 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. Saner,Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34, 853 (1981).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. R. Mahalko and M. Bennion,Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 29, 1069 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. A. Walker and L. Page,J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 70, 260 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    B. E. Guthrie,Proc. Univ. Otago Med. School 51, 47 (1973).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. Schelenz,J. Radioanal. Chem. 37, 539 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    D. C. Kirkpatrick and D. E. Coffin,J. Inst. Can. Sci. Techn. Alliment. 7, 56 (1974).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. C. Meranger and D. C. Smith,Can. J. Pub. Hlth. 63, 53 (1972).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. F. Clemente, L. Cigna Rossi, and G. P. Santaroni,J. Radioanal. Chem. 37, 549 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. W. Marshall, J. M. Iacono, C. W. Young, Jr., V. A. Washington, H. T. Slover, and P. M. Leapley,J. Am. Dietet. Assn. 66, 470 (1975).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    I. H. Tipton, P. L. Stewart, and P. G. Martin,Health Phys. 12, 1683 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. A. Schroeder, J. J. Balassa, and I. H. Tipton,J. Chronic Dis. 15, 941 (1962).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    L. T. McClendon,J. Radioanalyt. Chem. 42, 85 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    D. Shapcott, inChromium in Nutrition and Metabolism, D. Shapcott and J. Hubert, eds., Elsevier/North-Holland. Biomedical Press, p. 43, 1979.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    J. Versieck, J. Hoste, J. DeRudder, F. Barbier, and L. Vanballenberghe,Anal. Lett. 12, 555 (1979).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    E. W. Toepfer, W. Mertz, E. Roginski, and M. Polansky,J. Agr. Food Chem. 21, 69 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    J. T. Kumpulainen,J. Anal. Chim. Acta 113, 355 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    R. A. Anderson,Sci. Total Environ. 17, 13, (1981).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Health and Welfare Canada. Recommended Nutrient Intakes for Canadians. Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, Health Protection Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, 1983.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Food and Nutrition Board: Recommended Daily Allowances. 9th rev. ed. Washington, DC, National Academy of Sciences, 1980.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    K. Schwarz,Fed. Proc. 20, 666, (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    A. S. Majaj and L. I. Hopkins,Lancet ii, 592 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Y. C. Awasthi, E. Beutler, and S. K. Srivastava,J. Biol. Chem. 250, 5144 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    A. M. van Rij, C. D. Thomson, J. M. McKenzie, and M. F. Robinson,Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 32, 2076 (1979).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    X. Chen, G. Yang, J. Chen, X. Chen, Z. Wen, and K. Ge,Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 2, 91 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. A. Johnson, S. S. Baker, J. T. Fallon, E. P. Maynard, J. N. Ruskin, Z. Wen, K. Ge, and H. J. Cohen,N. Engl. J. Med. 304, 1210 (1981).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    C. L. Kien and H. E. Ganther,Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 37, 319 (1983).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    O. A. Levander, V. C. Morris, and P. B. Moser,Fed. Proc. 40, 890 (1981).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    J. N. Thompson, P. Erdody, and D. C. Smith,J. Nutr. 105, 274 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    U.S. Bureau of Foods Compliance Program Evaluation Report. Fiscal Year 1974. Selected minerals in food surveys. Program Circular 7320.08C, August 25, 1975.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    J. Thorn, J. Robortson, and D. H. Buss,Br. J. Nutr. 39, 391 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    O. A. Levander, B. Sutherland, V. C. Morris, and J. C. King,Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 34 2662 (1981).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    V. C. Morris and O. A. Levander,J. Nutr. 100, 1383 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    O. A. Levander, B. Sutherland, V. C. Morris, and J. C. King,Selenium in Biology and Medicine, J. E. Spallholz, J. L. Martin, H. E. Ganther, eds., Westport, CT, Avi Publ. Co., 1981.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    H. W. Lane, B. J. Taylor, E. Stool, D. Servance, and D. C. Warren,J. Am. Diet. Assn. 82, 24 (1982).Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Y. Murakami, Y. Suzuki, T. Yamagata, and N. Yamagata,J. Radiat. Res. 6, 105 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    E. J. Hamilton and M. J. Minski,Sci. Total Environ. 1, 375 (1972/1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Humana Press Inc 1948

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosalind S. Gibson
    • 1
  • Cindy A. Scythes
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Human Nutrition, Department of Family StudiesUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

Personalised recommendations