As techniques and operational philosophies have advanced, gold heap-leaching operations have moved into progressively colder regions. As such, various operational techniques or combinations of operating techniques are dictated by latitude and site topography. Cold-weather heap leaching can be grouped into two basic regions: arctic and near-arctic. The arctic regions are those areas near or above the Arctic Circle (37° north latitude); near-arctic areas are those areas between 45° and 64° north latitude.
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