Annual fallout of32Si,210Pb,22Na,35S and7Be in rains in India

  • D Lal
  • V N Nijampurkar
  • G Rajagopalan
  • B L K Somayajulu


The concentration of radioisotopes7Be,35S were measured in Bombay since 1956 and22Na,210Pb,32Si since 1963. In Khandala and other stations such measurements have been made at irregular periods since 1961. In addition several measurements especially that of32Si were made in 1970. Data available todate from Indian stations is summarised and critically analysed.

We conclude that appreciable amounts of35S,22Na and32Si, over and above their production by cosmic rays, were produced during the high yield Russian tests as evidenced by their fallout between 1962–66. Based on the bomb produced excess the half period for their removal from the stratosphere is deduced to be less than 1 year. The ‘excess’ contribution of32Si due to bombs is, however, small; about 1% of its inventory in the oceans.

The present study shows that for stations where orogeny is the principal mechanism of precipitation, the annual fallout is independent of the annual rainfall.


Cosmic rays radioisotopes rainwater fallout 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • D Lal
    • 1
  • V N Nijampurkar
    • 1
  • G Rajagopalan
    • 2
  • B L K Somayajulu
    • 1
  1. 1.Physical Research LaboratoryAbmedabad
  2. 2.Birbal Sahni Institute of PalaeobotanyLucknow

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