Advertisement

Geosciences Journal

, 10:321 | Cite as

Magmatic and amagmatic contributions to crustal growth in the Philippine island arc system: Comparison of the Cretaceous and post-Cretaceous periods

  • Carla B. DimalantaEmail author
  • Graciano P. Yumul
Article

Abstract

There have been few studies on both magmatic and amagmatic processes that contribute to crustal thickening. As a result, estimates of the rates at which these processes have taken place are rather limited. With the recent availability of arc magmatic addition and ophiolite accretion rates from geochemical and geophysical data, it is now possible to look at the variations of these rates in time and space especially with respect to the Cretaceous period. Arc magmatic addition rates in the Philippines vary from 25 to 60 km3/km/m.y. whereas accretion rates for the different ophiolite complexes range from 2 to 30 km3/km/m.y. Low accretion rates by arc magmatism and ophiolite accretion (<25 km3/km/m.y. and <10 km3/km/m.y., respectively) are obtained for the Cretaceous compared to post-Cretaceous rates. Moreover, lower ophiolite accretion rates are obtained for the eastern ophiolites whereas the reverse is noted for the western ophiolites (e.g., Zambales, Mindoro, Antique, Palawan, NE Zamboanga). The Cretaceous period, as suggested by the presence of several emplaced Cretaceous ophiolites was characterized by a dominant process of oceanic crust formation, followed by basin closure and lithospheric emplacement. The higher arc magmatic addition rates after the Cretaceous are attributed to the successive subduction-related magmatic episodes, which led to thickened crust in Central Luzon and the Bicol-Negros-Northeastern Mindanao area. The temporal and spatial variations noted in the ophiolite accretion rates could be a function of the active margin-related tectonic processes that took place along the western side of the Philippine archipelago after the Cretaceous period.

Key words

crustal growth arc magmatism ophiolite accretion Cretaceous Philippines 

References

  1. Andal, E.S., Yumul, G.P. Jr., Listanco, E.L., Tamayo, R.A., Jr., Dimalanta, C.B. and Ishii, T., 2005, Characterization of the Pleistocene volcanic chain of the Bicol Arc, Philippines: Implications for geohazard assessment. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (TAO), 16, 865–883.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, D.L., 2005, Large igneous provinces and fertile mantle. http://www.mantleplumcs.org/WebDocuments/ANDERSON_LIPS.pdf.Google Scholar
  3. Aurelio, M.A. and Peña, R.E., 2002, Geology and Mineral Resources of the Philippines—Volume 1: Geology, Department of Environment and Natural Resources—Mines and Geosciences Bureau, 391p.Google Scholar
  4. Balce, G.R., Encina, R.Y., Momongan, A. and Lara, E., 1982, Geology of the Baguio District and its implication on the tectonic development of the Luzon Cordillera Central. Geology and Paleontology of Southeast Asia, 21, 265–287.Google Scholar
  5. Bellon, H. and Yumul, G.P., Jr., 2000, Mio-Pliocene magmatism in the Baguio Mining District (Philippines): clues to its mineralizations and geodynamic setting. Comptes Rendus de l'Academic des Sciences Paris, Science de la Terre et des Planetes, 331, 1–8.Google Scholar
  6. Bureau of Mines and Geosciences, 1982, Geology and Mineral Resources of the Philippines, I(Geology). Ministry of Natural Resources, Manila, 406p.Google Scholar
  7. Cogne, J.-P. and Humler, E., 2004, Temporal variation of oceanic spreading and crustal production rates during the last 180 My. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 227, 427–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. David, S., 1994, Géologie du Sud-Est de Luzon—Contributions l'étude géodynamique ant-Néogene de la Ceinture Mobile Est Philippine. Ph.D. thesis, University Nice—Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France.Google Scholar
  9. David, S.D. Jr., Stephan, J.F., Delteil, J., Bellon, H., and Sajona, F.G., 1996, Geology, geochemistry, geochronology and structures of the ophiolites in Southeastern Luzon, Philippines. In: Yumul, G.P. Jr. and Manjoorsa, M.V. (eds.), Special Issue on the Ophiolites and Ophiolitic Complexes of the Philippines. Journal of the Geological Society of the Philippines 51, 115–129.Google Scholar
  10. Dimalanta, C.B. and Yumul, G.P. Jr., 2003, Magmatic and amagmatic contributions to crustal growth of an island arc system: The Philippine example. International Geology Review, 45, 922–935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dimalanta, C.B., Suerte, L.O., Yumul, G.P.Jr., Tamayo, R.A.Jr. and Ramos, E.G.L., 200x, A Cretaceous oceanic marginal basin source for Central Philippines: Geodynamic clues from ophiolite complexes. This volume.Google Scholar
  12. Hall, R., 2002, Cenozoic geological and plate tectonic evolution of SE Asia and the SW Pacific: computer-based reconstructions, models and animations. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 20, 353–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Holloway, N.H., 1982, North Palawan Block, Philippines—Its relation to Asian mainland and role in evolution of South China Sea, American Association of Petroleum. Geologists Bulletin, 66, 1355–1383.Google Scholar
  14. Honza, E. and Fujioka, K., 2004, Formation of ares and backarc basins inferred from the tectonic evolution of Southeast Asia since the Late Cretaceous. Tectonophysics, 384, 23–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Japan International Cooperation Agency—Metal Mining Agency of Japan (JICA-MMAJ), 1990, Mineral deposits and tectonics of two contrasting geologic environments in the Republic of the Philippines, Phase II—Masbate area, Northern Leyte area, Southern Leyte area, Dinagat, Siargao and Palawan I–IV area. Mines and Geosciences Bureau, Philippines, 740p.Google Scholar
  16. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), 1999, Report on Regional Survey for Mineral Resource in the Bicol Area, Republic of the Philippines.Google Scholar
  17. Jumawan, F., 1999, Petrological and geochemical constraints on the tectonic setting of the Amnay Ophiolitic Complex, Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. M.Sc. thesis, University of the Philippines, Quezon City, Philippines.Google Scholar
  18. Kato, K. and Saka, Y., 2006, New model for the Early Cretaceous development of SW Japan based on basic rocks of the Chichibu Composite Terrane. This volume.Google Scholar
  19. Kerntke, M., Tarkian, M. and Baumann, A., 1992, Petrographic, geochemical and geochronologic investigation of the porphyrycopper deposit Atlas Mining on Cebu Island (Philippines). www.dr-kerntke.de/html/body_abstract_2.html.Google Scholar
  20. Kraemer, B., Adelmann, D., Alten, M., Schnurr, W., Erpenstein, K., Kiefer, E., van den Bogaard, P. and Görler, K., 1999, Incorporation of the Paleogene foreland into the Argentina Puna plateau: The Salar de Antofalla area, Southern Central Andes. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 12, 157–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mitchell, A.H.G. and Leach, T.M., 1991, Epithermal Gold in the Philippines: Island Arc Metallogenesis, Geothermal Systems and Geology. Academic Press Limited, London, 457 p.Google Scholar
  22. Morishita, T., Andal, E.S., Arai, S. and Ishida, Y., 2006, Podiform chromitites in the iherzolite-dominant mantle section of the Isabela ophiolite, the Philippines. Island Arc, 15, 84–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pubellier, M., Ego, F., Chamot-Rooke, N. and Rangin, C., 2003, The building of pericratonic mountain ranges: Structural and kinematic constraints applied to GIS-based reconstruction of SE Asia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of France, 174, 561–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pubellier, M., Monnier, C., Maury, R. and Tamayo, R., 2004, Plate kinematics, origin and tectonic emplacement of supra-subduction ophiolites in SE Asia. Tectonophysics, 392, 9–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Qucaño, K.L., 2006, Tectonic modeling of Northern Luzon, Philipines and regional implications. Ph.D. thesis, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  26. Reymer, A. and Schubert, G., 1984, Phanerozoic addition rates to the continental crust and crustal growth. Tectonics, 3, 63–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ringenbach, J.C., 1992, La faille Philippine, et les chaines en décrochement associées (centre-nord Luzon): Evolution cénozoique et cinématique des déformations quaternaries. Ph.D. thesis, University Nice—Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France.Google Scholar
  28. Sajona, F.G., 1995, Slab melting in subduction/collision zones: Geochemistry, geochronology and petrology of Pliocene-Quaternary magmatism of Mindanao (Philippines). Ph.D. thesis, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, France.Google Scholar
  29. Sajona, F.G., Bellon, H., Maleterre, P., Ringenbach, J.C., Billedo, E.B., David, S.D, Stephan, J.F., Delteil, J. Feraud, G. Winter, W. and Cotten, J., 1995, Time and space geochemical evolution of magmatism in Luzon (Philippines) and its geodynamic implications. These de doctorat, L'Universite de Bretagne Occidentale.Google Scholar
  30. Sarewitz, D.R. and Karig, D.E., 1986, Stratigraphic framework of the western Mindoro island, Philippines. Philippine Geologist, 40, 3–51.Google Scholar
  31. Suerte, L.O., Yumul, G.P. Jr., Tamayo, R.A.Jr., Dimalanta, C.B., Zhou, M.-F., Maury, R.C., Polve, M. and Balce, C.L., 2005, Geology, geochemistry and U−Pb SHRIMP age of the Tacloban Ophiolite Complex, Leyte Island (Central Philippines): Implications for the existence and extent of the proto-Philippine Sea Plate. Resource Geology, 55, 205–214.Google Scholar
  32. Sun, S.S. and McDonough, W.F., 1989, Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: Implications for mantle composition and processes. In: Saunders, A.D. and Norry, M.J. (eds.), Magmatism in Ocean Basins. Geological Society Special Publication, 42, 313–345.Google Scholar
  33. Suzuki, S., Takemura, S., Yumul, G.P.Jr., David, S.D.Jr. and Asiedu, D.K., 2000, Composition and provenance of the Upper Cretaceous to Eocene sandstones in Central Palawan, Philippines: Constraints on the tectonic development of Palawan. The Island Arc, 9, 611–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tamayo, R.A.Jr., Maury, R.C., Yumul, G.P. Jr., Polv, M., Cotten, J., Dimalanta, C.B. and Olaguera, F.O., 2004, The early geodynamic evolution of the Philippine archipelago: Constraints from the geochemistry of ophiolite complexes. Bulletin of the Geological Society of France, 175, 443–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tamayo, R.A., Jr., Yumul, G.P. Jr., Maury, R.C., Polve, M., Cotten, J., Bohn, M. and Olaguera, F.O., 2001, Preliminary geochemical and mineral data from the Isabela-Aurora ophiolite, Northeastern Luzon, Philippines, InterRIDGE, 10, 53–56.Google Scholar
  36. Taylor, B. and Hayes, D.E., 1980, The tectonic evolution of the South China Sea Basin. In: Hayes, D.E. (ed.), The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas, and Islands. American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph, 23, 89–104.Google Scholar
  37. Vaughan, A.P.M. and Scarrow, J.H., 2003, Ophiolite obduction pulses as a proxy indicator of superplume event? Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 213, 407–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wolfe, J.A., 1981, Philippine geochronology. Journal of the Geological Society of the Philippines, 35, 1–30.Google Scholar
  39. Yoshino, T. and Okudaira, T., 2004, Crustal growth by magmatic accretion constrained by metamorphic P−T paths and thermal models of the Kohistan Arc, NW Himalayas. Journal of Petrology, 45, 2287–2302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yumul, G.P. Jr., Dimalanta, C.B., Balce, G.R. and Datuin, R.T., 1997, Distribution, geochemistry and mineralization potentials of Philippine ophiolite and ophiolitic sequences. Ofioliti, 22, 47–56.Google Scholar
  41. Yumul, G.P. Jr., Dimalanta, C.B., Bellon, H., Faustino, D.V., De Jesus, J.V., Tamayo, R.A., Jr. and Jumawan, F.T., 2000, Adakitic lavas in the Central Luzon back-arc region (Philippines): lower crust partial melting products? The Island Arc, 9, 499–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yumul, G.P., Jr., Dimalanta, C.B., Polve, M., Tamayo, R.Jr., Maury, R., Maglambayan, V. and Bellon, H., 2003a, Cretaceous Philippine oceanic lithosphere are signatures: Subduction zone-related or inherited mantle feature? The 5th Symposium of IGCP 434 Abstract Volume, p. 35.Google Scholar
  43. Yumul, G.P. Jr., Dimalanta, C.B., Tamayo, R.A. Jr. and Bellon, H., 2003b. Silicic are volcanism in Central Luzon, Philippines: Characterization of its space, time and geochemical relationship. The Island Arc, 12, 207–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yumul, G.P. Jr., Dimalanta, C.B., Tamayo, R.A. Jr. and Maury, R.C., 2003c, Collision, subduction and accretion events in the Philippines: A synthesis. The Island Arc, 12, 77–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yumul, G.P. Jr., Dimalanta, C.B. and Tamayo, R.A. Jr., 2005, Indentertectonics in the Philippines: Example from the Palawan Microcontinental Block—Philippine Mobile Belt collision. Resource Geology, 55, 187–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yumul, G.P. Jr., Dimalanta, C.B., Tamayo, R.A. Jr., and Zhou, M.-F., 2006, Geology and geochemistry of the Rapu-rapu ophiolite complex, Eastern Philippines: Possible fragment of the proto-Philippine Sea Plate. International Geology Review, 48, 329–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tectonics and Geodynamics Group, National Institute of Geological Sciences College of ScienceUniversity of the Philippines DilimanQuezon CityPhilippines

Personalised recommendations