Advertisement

Geosciences Journal

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 163–170 | Cite as

Occurrence of authigenic siderites in the Early Holocene coastal deposit in the west coast of Korea: an indicator of depositional environment

  • Boo-Keun Khim
  • Kyung-Sik Choi
  • Yong-Ahn Park
  • Jae-Kyung Oh
Article

Abstract

The macrotidal muddy deposits around Youngjong Island in the west coast of Korea with a radiocarbon dating of ca. 8000 yr BP contain micro-scale (ca. 150 μm) siderite concretions. The authigenic siderites exhibit the aggregated spherulitic textures with well-developed rhombs on the grain surfaces, which reflects good preservation. Geochemical analyses indicate that the concentrations of Mg (mean 2.6 mol%) and Ca (mean 9.4 mol%) are low whereas those of Fe (mean 70.4 mol%) and Mn (mean 17.6 mol%) are relatively high. The chemical composition suggests that the authigenic siderites might have precipitated in a non-marine environment. The occurrence of such siderites in the early Holocene sediments, considering the stratigraphic level with respect to the well-established sea-level curve helps recognize the non-marine depositional environment existed before the formation of modern tidal flats along the west coast of Korea.

Keywords

siderite geochemistry coastal deposit early Holocene Korea 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, C.R., Nittrouer, C.A., DeMaster, D.J., Park, Y.A. and Park, S.C., 1991, Macrotidal mudflats of the southwestern Korean coast: a model for interpretation of intertidal deposits. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 61, 805–824.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, J.C., Kassan, J. and Hamilton, P.J., 1996, Early diagenetic siderite as an indicator of depositional environment in the Triassic Rewan Group, southern Bowen Basin, eastern Australia. Sedimentology, 43, 77–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bloom, A.L. and Park, Y.A., 1985, holocene sea-level history and tectonic movements, Republic of Korea. Japanese Quaternary Research, 24, 77–84.Google Scholar
  4. Browne, G.H. and Kingston, D.M., 1993, Early diagenetic spherulitic siderites from Pennsylvanian paleosols in the Boss Point Formation, Maritime Canada. Sedimentology, 40, 467–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cang, S., Li, T. and Dong, T., 1997, The review of sea level changes of Yellow Sea. Yellow Sea Research, 7, 83–90.Google Scholar
  6. Carpenter, S.J., Erickson, J.M., Lohmann, K.C. and Owen, M.R., 1988, Diagenesis of fossiliferous concretions from the Upper Cretaceous Fox Hills Formation, North Dakota. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 58, 706–723.Google Scholar
  7. Chough, S.K., 1983, Marine Geology of Korean Seas. International Human Resources Development Corporation, Boston, 157 p.Google Scholar
  8. Curtis, C.D. and Coleman, M.L., 1986, Controls on the precipitation of early diagenetic calcite, dolomite and siderite concretions in complex depositional sequences. In: Gautier, D.L. (ed.), Roles of Organic Matter in Sediment Diagenesis. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication, 38, Tulsa, 23–33.Google Scholar
  9. Gautier, D.L., 1982, Siderite concretions: indicators of early diagenesis in the Gammon Shale (Cretaceous). Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 52, 859–871.Google Scholar
  10. Hart, B.S., Longstaffe, F.J. and Plint, A.G., 1992, Evidence for relative sea level change from isotopic and elemental composition of siderite in the Cardium Formation, Rocky Mountain Foothills. Bulletin of Canadian Petrology and Geology, 40, 52–59.Google Scholar
  11. Kim, Y.H., Lee, H.J., Chun, S.S., Han, S.J. and Chough, S.K., 1999, Holocene transgressive stratigraphy of a macrotidal flat in the southeastern Yellow Sea: Gomso Bay, Korea. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 69, 328–337.Google Scholar
  12. Lee, C.B., Yoo, H.R. and Park, K.S., 1992, Distribution and properties of intertidal surface sediments of Kyeonggi Bay, west coast of Korea. Journal of Korean Society of Oceanography, 27, 277–289.Google Scholar
  13. Lee, H.J. and Chough, S.K., 1989, Sediment distribution, dispersal and budget in the Yellow Sea. Marine Geology, 87, 195–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee, H.J. and Yoon, S.H., 1997. Development of stratigraphy and sediment distribution in the northeastern Yellow Sea during Holocene sea-level rise. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 67, 341–349.Google Scholar
  15. Lee, H.J., Chun, S.S., Chang, J.H. and Han, S.J., 1994, Landward migration of isolated shelly sand ridge (chenier) on the macrotidal flat of Gomso Bay, west coast of Korea: controls of storms and typhoon. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 64, 886–893.Google Scholar
  16. Moore, S.E., Ferrell, R.E. Jr. and Aharon, P., 1992, Diagenetic siderite and other ferroan carbonates in a modern subsiding marsh sequence. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 62, 357–366.Google Scholar
  17. Mortimer, R.J.G., Coleman, M.L. and Rae, J.E., 1997, Effect of bacteria on the elemental composition of early diagenetic siderite: implications for palaeoenvironmental interpretations. Sedimentology, 44, 759–765.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mozley, P.S., 1989, Relation between depositional environment and the elemental composition of early diagenetic siderite. Geology, 17, 704–706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mozley, P.S. and Carothers, W.W., 1992, Elemental and isotopic composition of siderite in the Kuparuk Formation, Alaska: effect of microbial activity and water/sediment interaction on early pore-water chemistry. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 62, 681–692.Google Scholar
  20. Park, Y.A. and Choi, K.S., 1998, Recognition of silty tidal rhythmite from the upper Pleistocene sedimentary sequence, western coast of Korea. Journal of Korean Society of Oceanography, 33, 71–79.Google Scholar
  21. Park, Y.A. and Choi, K.S., 1999, Holocene and late Pleistocene tidal deposits off the Youngjong Island, western coast of Korea (Eastern Yellow Sea). In: Saito, Y., Ikehara, K. and Katayama, H. (eds.), Proceedings of an international workshop on sediment transport and storage in coastal sea-ocean system. Geological Survey of Japan, p. 80–84.Google Scholar
  22. Park, Y.A., Choi, J.Y., Lim, D.I., Choi, K.W. and Lee, Y.G., 1995, Unconformity and stratigraphy of late Quaternary tidal deposits, Namyang Bay, west coast of Korea. Journal of Korean Society of Oceanography, 30, 332–340.Google Scholar
  23. Park, Y.A., Lim, D.I., Khim, B.K., Choi, J.Y. and Doh, S.J., 1998, Stratigraphy and subaerial exposure of late Quaternary tidal deposits in Haenam Bay, Korea (southeastern Yellow Sea). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 47, 523–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pirazzoli, P.A., 1991, World Atlas of Holocene Sea-Level Changes, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 300 p.Google Scholar
  25. Pye, K., 1984, SEM analysis of siderite cements in intertidal marsh sediments, Norfolk, England. Marine Geology, 56, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pye, K., Dickson, J.A.D., Schiavon, N., Coleman, M.L. and Cox, M., 1990. Formation of siderite—Mg—calcite-iron sulphide concretions in intertidal marsh and sandflat sediments, north Norfolk, Engl-and. Sedimentology, 37, 325–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Veizer, J., 1983, Chemical diagenesis of carbonates: Theory and application of trace element technique. In: Arthur, M.A. (ed.), Stable Isotopes in Sedimentary Geology. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Short Cource Notes No. 10, Tulsa, p. 3-1–3-100.Google Scholar
  28. Zhang, X., Wang, Y. and Lei, H., 1996, Authigenic mineralogy, depositional environments and evolution of fault-bounded lakes of the Yunnan Plateau, south-western China. Sedimentology, 43, 367–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boo-Keun Khim
    • 1
  • Kyung-Sik Choi
    • 2
  • Yong-Ahn Park
    • 2
  • Jae-Kyung Oh
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Institute of OceanographySeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of OceanographySeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of OceanographyInha UniversityIncheonKorea

Personalised recommendations