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Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen

, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 197–207 | Cite as

Twelve invertebrate and eight fish species new to the marine fauna of Madeira, and a discussion of the zoogeography of the area

  • Peter Wirtz
Article

Abstract

The benthic ctenophoreVallicula multiformis, a large undescribed flatworm species of the genusPseudoceros, the prosobranch gastropodTonna maculosa, the opisthobranch gastropodsPlacida cf.dendritica, Caloria elegans, Aeolidiella sanguinea, Janolus cristatus, the decapodBalssia gasti, the sea urchinSchizaster canaliferus and the tunicatesClavelina lepadiformis, Clavelina dellavallei andPycnoclavella taureanensis are recorded from Madeira for the first time. This is the first record of a platyctenid ctenophore in the eastern Atlantic. The teleost fishesPomatoschistus pictus, Vaneaugobius canariensis, Chromogobius sp.,Nerophis ophidion, Hippocampus hippocampus, Acanthocybium solandri, Sphyraena viridensis andSphyraena barracuda are recorded from Madeira for the first time. The presence of the sea-hareAplysia dactylomela at Madeira is confirmed; the species has increased tremendously in abundance in the last four years. The crocodile fishGrammoplites gruveli can occasionally be found in the mantle cavity of cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) sold at the fish market of Funchal, but does not originate from Madeiran waters. An analysis of 100 new records from the coastal fauna of Madeira shows that, while predominantly of lusitanian, mediterranean and mauritanian affinity, Madeira’s shallow water fauna contains a large component of tropical species.

Keywords

Canary Island South Coast Gastropoda Southeastern Coast Marine Fauna 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Biologische Anstalt Helgoland 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Wirtz
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Ciências Biológicas e GeológicasUniversidade da MadeiraFunchal, MadeiraPortugal

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