Economic Botany

, 32:387

Chemotaxonomy of Cannabis I. Crossbreeding between Cannabis sativa and C. ruderalis, with analysis of cannabinoid content

  • John A. Beutler
  • Ara H. Marderosian
Article

Abstract

A controlled cross betweenCannabis sativa L. andC. ruderalis Janisch. gave progeny intermediate in both cannabinoid content and morphology. The progeny fell into two distinct populations, those whose tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content was closer to theC. sativa parent (greater than 60% of total cannabinoids) and those whose THC content was closer to theC. ruderalis parent (less than 40% of total cannabinoids). The lower THC group was twice as frequent as the other group. Earliness of flowering, number of flowers, and height characteristics were intermediate between the parents.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Boucher, F., M. Paris & L. Cosson. 1977. Mise en evidence de deux types chimiques chez leCannabis sativa originaire d'Afrique du Sud. Phytochemistry 16: 1445–1448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Crombie, L. & W. M. L. Crombie. 1975. Cannabinoid formation in itCannabis sativa grafted inter–racially, and with twoHumulus species. Phytochemistry 14: 409–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Croteau, R. 1977. Site of monoterpene biosynthesis inMarjorana hortensis leaves. PI. Phys. 59: 519–520.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Emboden, W. A. 1974.Cannabis—a polytypic genus. Econ. Bot. 28: 304–310.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fetterman, P. S., E. S. Keith, C. W. Waller, O. Guerrero, N. J. Doorenbos & M. W. Quimby. 1971. Mississippi–grownCannabis sativa L.: Preliminary observation on chemical definition of phenotype and variations in tetrahydrocannabinol content versus age, sex, and plant part. J. Pharm. Sci. 60: 1246–1249, and other publications of the Mississippi group, e.g., Turner et al., 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fullerton, D. S. & M. G. Kurzman. 1974. The identification and misidentification of marijuana. Contemporary Drug Problems. A Law Quarterly 3: 291–344.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lerner, P. 1969. The precise determination of tetrahydrocannabinol in marihuana and hashish. Bull, on Narcotics 21: 39–42.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Paris, M., F. Boucher & L. Cosson. 1975. The constituents ofCannabis sativa pollen. Econ. Bot. 29: 245–253.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schultes, R. E., W. M. Klein, T. Plowman & T. E. Lockwood. 1974.Cannabis: An example of taxonomic neglect. Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23: 337–367.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shoyama, Y., M. Yagi & I. Nishioka. 1974. Biosynthesis of cannabinoid acids. Phytochemistry 14: 2189–2192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Small, E. 1972. Interfertility and chromosomal uniformity inCannabis. Canad. J. Bot. 50: 1947–1949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    — & H. D. Beckstead. 1973. Common cannabinoid phenotypes in 350 stocks ofCannabis. Lloydia 36: 144–165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    —, — & A. Chan. 1975. The evolution of cannabinoid phenotypes inCannabis. Econ. Bot. 29: 219–232.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Small, E. & A. Cronquist. 1976. A practical and natural taxonomy forCannabis. Taxon 25: 405–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Turner, C. E., K. W. Hadley, J. H. Holley, S. Billets & M. L. Mole. 1975. Constituents ofCannabis sativa L. VIII. Possible biological application of a new method to separate cannabidiol and cannabichromene. J. Pharm. Sci. 64: 810–814.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Turner, J. C., J. K. Hemphill & P. G. Mahlberg. 1977. Gland distribution and cannabinoid content in clones ofCannabis sativa L. Amer. J. Bot. 64: 687–693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vree, T. B. 1977. Mass spectrometry of cannabinoids. J. Pharm. Sci. 66: 1444–1450.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • John A. Beutler
    • 1
  • Ara H. Marderosian
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesThe Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and SciencePhiladelphia

Personalised recommendations