Economic Botany

, 2:15 | Cite as

Economic uses of lichens

  • George A. Llano

Abstract

Some of these lowly plants have long served as fodder for the reindeer herds of Lapplanders, while others have been the sources of industrial dyes, as those used in the manufacture of Harris Tweed cloth.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Barry, V. C. Nature 158: 863–865. 1946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. la.
    — and P. A. McNally. Nature 156: 48. 1945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 2.
    Burkholder, P. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 30: 250–255. 1944.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    Burkholder, P and A. W. Evans. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 72: 157–164. 1945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    Dannfelt, H. J. Kungl. Lantbrukssakad. Tidsk. 6: 483–498. 1917.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    de Avellar Brotero,. Felix. Historia natural da orzella. 16 pp. 1824.Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    D’yachkov, D. and A. Kursanov. Doklady Akad. Nauk. S.S.S.R. 46: 71–73. 1945.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    Feé, A. L. A. Essai sur les cryptogames des écorces exoticpies officinales. 167 pp. 1824.Google Scholar
  9. 8.
    Florovskaya, E. F. Bot. Zeitg. 24: 302–313. 1939.Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    Høeg, O. A. Lav og Mose som Nyttevekster. Suppl., 125–147. 1938.Google Scholar
  11. 10.
    Larsson, Beda. Hemfärgning med växtämnen rad och anvisningar. 1946.Google Scholar
  12. 11.
    Lindsay, W. L. Edinb. New Phil. Jour. p. 40. 1854.Google Scholar
  13. 12.
    -. Edinb. New Phil. Jour. p. 26. 1855.Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    Llano, G.A. Bot. Bev. 10: 1–65. 1944.Google Scholar
  15. 14.
    Quispel, A. Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 40: 413–541. 1943–1945.Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    Raistrick, H. Ann. Bev. Biochem. 9: 571–592. 1940.Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    Bonceray, Paul-Louis. Thèse. École Supérieure de Pharmacie, Univ. Paris, #10. 94 pp. 1904.Google Scholar
  18. 17.
    Sastry, V. V. K. Indian Acad. Sci., A., Proc. 16: 137–140. 1942.Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    Santesson, C. G. Arkiv Bot. 29 A;2, No. 14. 6 pp. 1939.Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    Smith, A..L. Lichens. 404 pp. 1921.Google Scholar
  21. 19a.
    Smith, A..L. Recent lichen literature. Trans. Brit. Myc. Soc. 15: 193–235. 1931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 20.
    Stenberg, S. Om tillverkning af läfbränvin. 52 pp. 1868.Google Scholar
  23. 21.
    Ward, H. M. Linn. Soc. London, Trans., Bot. 26: 87–119. pl. 18-21. 1884.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 22.
    Westring, J. P. Svenska läfvarnas färghistoria, etc. 1805.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1948

Authors and Affiliations

  • George A. Llano
    • 1
  1. 1.Henry Shaw School of BotanyWashington UniversitySt. Louis

Personalised recommendations