Advertisement

Economic Botany

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 311–319 | Cite as

Folk uses and commercial exploitation of Aloe leaf pulp

  • Julia F. Morton
Article

Abstract

Several species ofAloe are cultivated in the tropics for their subepidermal yellow latex which, on evaporation, becomes the well known cathartic, “bitter aloes.” Little has been written of the folk uses of the translucent parenchyma of the succulent leaves as a soothing, astringent, and healing poultice for skin diseases, wounds, burns and eye afflictions, and as a potion for various internal ailments. There is a small industry in Florida, based originally on the marketing of the fresh leaves and, subsequently, on the utilization of the pulp in ointments, cosmetic creams, lotions, shampoos and sundry other products.

Keywords

Economic Botany Folk Commercial Exploitation Virgin Island Aloin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aloe Vera Planting in Valley Favored. Texas Farming and Citriculture37 (4): 7. Oct. 1960.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arbelaez, E. P. Plantas Utiles de Colombia. 3rd ed. Bogotá. 1956.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Asprey, G. F. and P. Thornton. Medicinal Plants of Jamaica. Pt. II. West Indian Med. Jour. 3: 17–41.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bailey, L. H. Manual of Cultivated Plants. Rev'd. New York. 1949.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barker, H. D. and W. S. Dardeau. La Flore d'Haiti. Serv. Tech. du Dept. de l'Agric, Port-au-Prince. 1930.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Benigni, R. Fitoterapia 21, 97. 1950. (Chem. Abs.44: 11036a.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Britton, N. L. Flora of Bermuda. New York. 1918.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Britton, N. L. and C. F. Millspaugh. The Bahama Flora. New York. 1920.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Britton, N. L. and P. Wilson. Scientific survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Vol. V, Pt. 1, New York 1923.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Brown, W. H. Useful Plants of the Philippines. Vol. I (Tech. Bul. 10). Manila. 1951.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Burkill, I. H. Dictionary of Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Vol. I. London. 1935.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chittenden, F. J. (Editor). Dictionary of Gardening. 2nd ed. Vol. I. Oxford. 1956.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chopra, R. N., I. C. Chopra, K. L. Handa, and L. D. Kapur. Chopra's Indigenous Drugs of India. 2nd ed. Calcutta. 1958.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chopra, R. N., S. L. Nayar, and I. C. Chopra. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants. New Delhi. 1956.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cole, H. N. and K. K. Chen. Aloe Vera in Oriental Dermatology. Arch. Dermat. & Syph.47: 250. 1943.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Collins, C. E. and C. Collins. Roentgen dermatitis treated with fresh whole leaf ofAloe vera. Am. Tour. Roentgenol.33: 396–397. 1935.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cook, O. F. and G. N. Collins. Economic Plants of Porto Rico. Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. Vol. VIII, Pt. 2. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, D. C. 1903.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Crewe, J. E. Aloes in the treatment of burns and scalds. Minnesota Medicine22: 538–539. 1939.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    deVane, Albert. Personal Communications. Mar. 5 and 9, 1961.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Drury, H. The Useful Plants of India. 2nd ed. London. 1873.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Eggers, H. F. A. The Flora of St. Croix and the Virgin Islands. U. S. Natl. Mus. Bull. 13, 1879.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Farkas, Dr. Alexander. Alfar Chemical Products, North Miami Beach. Personal communication.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Filatov, V. P. and V. A. Biber. Doklady Akad. Nauk. U.S.S.R.62: 259–62 1948 (Chem. Abs.43, 726f).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fine, A. and S. Brown. Cultivation and clinical application ofAloe vera leaf. Radiology31: 735–736. 1938.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Flagg, J.Aloe vera gel in dermatological preparations. Amer. Perfumer & Aromatics pp. 27–28, 61. 1959.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fly, L. B. and I. Kiem. Antibiotic activity ofAloe vera (in press).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Freytag, A. Pharmazie9: 705–10. 1954. (Chem. Abs.50, 16897)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Githens, T. S. Drug Plants of Africa. Afr. Handbook 8. Univ. of Penn. Press. 1948.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Goldberg, H. C. TheAloe vera plant. Arch. Dermat. & Syph.49: 46. 1944.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Grisebach, A. H. R. Flora of the British West Indian Islands. London. 1864.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hardy, F. Some Aspects of the Flora of Barbados. Barbados. 1934.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Heyne, K. De Nuttige Planten van Indonesie. Vol. 1. 3rd ed. 1950.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hodge. W. H. The drug aloes of commerce with special reference to the Cape species. Econ. Bot.7: 99–129. 1953.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Johnston, J. H. Flora of the Islands of Margarita and Coche, Venez. Contrib. Gray Herb. N. S. 37. Proc. Boston Soc. of Nat. Hist.34: 163–312. 1909.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    King, J. The American Eclectic Dispensatory. Cincinnati. 1855.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Leon, Hno. Flora de Cuba. Vol. I. Havana. 1946.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Lindley, J. and T. Moore. The Treasury of Botany: A Popular Dictionary of the Vegetable Kingdom. Vol. I. New & rev'd. ed. London. 1876.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Loveman, A. B. Leaf ofAloe vera in treatment of roentgen ray ulcers. Arch. Dermat. & Syph.36: 838–843. 1937.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Lushbaugh, C. C. and D. B. Hale. Experimental acute radiodermatitis following beta irradiation. Cancer6: 690–698. 1953.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Maire, R. Flore de l'Afrique du Nord. Vol. V. Paris. 1958.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Mandeville, F. B.Aloe vera in the treatment of radiation ulcers of mucous membranes. Radiology32: 598–599. 1939.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Martinez, M. Las Plantas Medicinales de Mexico. 3rd ed. Mexico. 1944.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Mary, N. Y. Studies on official species of Aloe. Doctoral Dissertation Series Pub. No. 14, 476. Univ. Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich. 1955.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Medical Botany, or History of Plants in the Materia Medica of the London, Edinburgh and Dublin Pharmacopoeias. Vol. I. London. 1819.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Millspaugh, C. F. Flora of the Island of St. Croix. Bot. Ser. Vol. I, No. 7. Pub. 68. Chicago, 1902.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Moscoso, R. M. Catalogus Florae Domingensis. Pt. I. New York. 1943.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Nayar, S. L. and I. C. Chopra. Distribution of British Pharmacopaeial Drug Plants and Their Substitutes Growing in India. New Delhi. 1951.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Neal, M. C. In Gardens of Hawaii. Spec. Pub. 40. Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Honolulu. 1948.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Osol, A. and G. E. Farrar. The Dispensatory of the United States of America. 1950 ed. Phila. 1950.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Pittier, H. Manual de las Plantas Usuales de Venezuela. Venezuela. 1926.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Post, G. E. Flora of Syria, Palastine and Sinai. Vol. II. 2nd ed. rev'd. & enl. by J. E. Dinsmore. Beirut. 1933.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Quisumbing, E. Medicinal Plants of the Philippines. Tech. Bull. 16. Dept. of Agric. & Nat. Res., Manila. 1951.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Rattner, H. Roentgen ray dermatitis with ulcer. Arch. Dermat. & Syph.33: 593–594. 1936.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Roboz, E. and A. J. Haagen-Smit. A mucilage fromAloe vera. Jour. Amer. Chem. Soc.70: 3248–3249. 1948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Roig y Mesa, J. T. Plantas Medicinales, Aromaticas o Venenosas de Cuba. Havana. 1945.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Rostotskii, B. K. and Y. A. Aleshkina. U.S.S.R. Pat. 111,903. May 27, 1958. (Chem. Abs.52, 17627h)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Rovatti, B. and R. J. Brennan. Experimental thermal burns. Indus. Med. & Surgery.28: 364–368. 1959.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Rowe, T. D. Effect of freshAloe vera jell in the treatment of third-degree roentgen reactions on white rats. Jour. Amer. Pharm. Assn.29: 348–350. 1940.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Rowe, T. D., B. K. Lovell and L. M. Parks. Further observations on the use ofAloe vera leaf in the treatment of third degree X-ray reactions. Jour. Amer. Pharm. Assn.30: 266–269. 1941.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Sievers, A. F. and E. C. Higbee. Medicinal Plants of Tropical and Subtropical Regions. For. Agr. Report #6. U.S.D.A. 1942.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Small, J. K. Manual of Southeastern,Flora. New York, 1933. Reprinted.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Standley, P. C. Flora of Costa Rica. Pt. I. Bot. Series Vol. XVIII, Pub. 391. Field Museum of Nat. Hist., Chicago. 1937.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Standley, P. C. Flora of Yucatan. Bot. Ser. Vol. III, No. 3, Pub. 279. Field Museum of Nat. Hist., Chicago. 1930.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Steinmetz, E. F. Drug Guide for Importers, Exporters, Dealers, etc., of Botanical Drugs and Spices Throughout the World. Pub'd by author, Amsterdam. 1959.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Stuart, G. A. Chinese Materia Medica: Vegetable Kingdom. Shanghai. 1911.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Sturtevant, W. C, Bur. Am. Ethno. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. Personal communication. Feb. 15, 1961.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Sysoev, A. F. Uchenye Zapiski Ukrain. Eksptl. Inst. Glaznykh. Boleznei Filatov. 1955. No 3 15–22. (Chem. Abs.51, 14058b)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Tchou, M. T.Aloe vcra (Jelly Leeks). Arch. Dermat. & Syph.47: 249. 1943.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Valley's Rarest Crop. Texas Farming & Citriculture37: 6. 1960.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Wasicky, R. and W. Hoehne. Anasis faculdade farm. e odontol., Univ. Sao Paulo9: 17–26. 1591. (Chem. Abs.46, 10548e)Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Watt, G. The Commercial Products of India. London. 1908.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Watt, J. M. and M. G. Breyer-Brandwijk. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern Africa. Edinburgh. 1932.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Wealth of India—Raw Materials. Vol. I Council of Sci. & Indus. Res. New Delhi 1948.Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Williams, R. O. and R. O. Williams, Jr. Useful and Ornamental Plants of Trinidad and Tobago. Rev. ed. Guardian Com'l Pty., Port-of-Spain. 1951.Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Wren, R. C. Potter's New Encyc. of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. Rev'd & enl. by R. W. Wren. London. 1956.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Wright, C. S.Aloe vera in the treatment of roentgen ulcers and telangiectasis. Jour. Amer. Med. Assn.106: 1363. 1936.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia F. Morton
    • 1
  1. 1.Morton CollectaneaUniversity of MiamiCoral Gables

Personalised recommendations