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Economic Botany

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 257–310 | Cite as

The ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia

  • Nancy Chapman Turner
  • Marcus A. M. Bell
Article

Abstract

142 plant species are known to be recognized by the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia. Means of collection, preparation, and utilization of these plants are outlined. The role of plants in Kwakiutl culture and economy for food, technology, medicine, religion, recreation, linguistics, and migration and settlement patterns is discussed. Phonetic transcriptions are given of most Kwakiutl names of plants.

The ethnobotanies of the Southern Kwakiutl and the Vancouver Island Coast Salish are briefly compared. 50% of the plants were used similarly by both groups. Most differences seem related to vegetation characteristics, degree of trade and communication, cultural features, and religious secrecy. The extent and even the type of use of species occurring in both areas often appeared to be related more to species abundance than to any inherent plant characteristics.

Keywords

Bark Economic Botany Northwest Coast Clover Root Digging Stick 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy Chapman Turner
    • 1
  • Marcus A. M. Bell
    • 2
  1. 1.Botanical GardenUniversity of British Columbia
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of VictoriaBritish Columbia

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