International Journal of Salt Lake Research

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 93–110 | Cite as

Dissolved oxygen in the Dead Sea— seasonal changes during the holomictic stage

  • Michal Shatkay
  • David A. Anati
  • Joel R. Gat


Measurements of dissolved oxygen, density and temperature were con ducted in the Dead Sea between August 1987 and December 1989. Oxygen concentrations were found to vary around an average value of 0.8 mlSTP (standard temperature and pressure) per kg. Dissolved oxygen variations were found to reflect both physical processes (a deepening of the epilimnion, a turnover etc.) and chemical processes (oxidation reduction). Transport coefficients for the oxygen exchange across the air/sea interface were found to be generally low compared to expected values based on laboratory experiments; the presence of surface films which inhibit the gas exchange rates under calm weather conditions is suspected. During stormy weather, the exchange rates were considerably higher, suggesting that the entrainment of bubbles was involved in the gas exchange process.

Key Words

Dead Sea dissolved oxygen gas exchange 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michal Shatkay
    • 1
  • David A. Anati
    • 1
  • Joel R. Gat
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy ResearchWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael

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