Economic Botany

, 30:409 | Cite as

Some observations on photoperiodism and the development of annual forms of domesticated cottons

  • S. G. Stephens
Article

Abstract

Observations made over the last fifteen to twenty years have discovered no primitive forms of G.barbadense L. orG. hirsutum L. (other than G.hirsutum racelatifolium Hutchinson) which are capable of flowering during the long summer days of temperate latitudes. Annual Upland cottons, grown in the southern United States since the mid-eighteenth century, were probably derived from perennial day-neutral forms of Mexican racelatifolium, though not necessarily by direct introduction from Mexico into the United States.

The origin of Sea Island cottons (day-neutral forms of G.barbadense), which were formerly grown on the southeastern seaboard of the United States since the mid-eighteenth century, remains obscure. No primitive forms of this species, capable of flowering during the long summer days of temperate latitudes, have been found.

An experiment is reported in which it has been possible to synthesize a day-neutral form of G.barbadense through introgression between primitive short-day sensitive forms of G.barbadense and G.hirsutum, both native to the Caribbean region. It is suggested that the ancestors of Sea Island cottons may have originated naturally by a similar mechanism involving the same species.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Stephens
    • 1
  1. 1.Professor of Genetics EmeritusNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleigh

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