Journal of instructional development

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 2–16 | Cite as

A comparative analysis of models of instructional design

  • Dee H. Andrews
  • Ludwika A. Goodson


Models of instructional design help educators to design instructional patterns that presumably have proven successful in past instructional endeavors. The writers examined 40 models of instructional design from a variety of sources. The 40 models were divided into categories based on the models’ most pertinent characteristics. The purposes and uses of these models are discussed and an explanation is offered of why so many different models exist. The writers concluded that because of the varying levels of quality of models, educators must be especially careful in choosing which model to follow when designing instruction.


Educational Technology Instructional Design Theoretical Underpinning Instructional Development Instructional System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dee H. Andrews
    • 1
  • Ludwika A. Goodson
    • 2
  1. 1.Naval Training Equipment CenterOrlando
  2. 2.L. R. O’Neall and Associates, Ltd.Tallahassee

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