Economic Botany

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 90–95 | Cite as

Herbal remedies of the Batemi of Ngorongoro District, Tanzania: a quantitative appraisal

  • Timothy Johns
  • E. B. Mhoro
  • Pius Sanaya
  • Ebi K. Kimanani

Data based on independent interviews with 22 males of the Batemi of Ngorongoro District, Tanzania, comprised 299 remedy reports and related to 73 species of plants. We list here 58 remedies (41 taxa) that were confirmed through independent reports from two or more individuals. A quantitative interaction effect was calculated for each remedy as a measure of its degree of confirmation, and implications and applications of the statistic are discussed.

Les résultats d’enquetês individuelles avec 22 hommes Batemi du district Ngorongoro en Tanzanie ont permis de répertorier 73 espèces de plantes médicinales utilisées dans quelques 299 traitements herboristes. Nous présentons une liste de 58 plantes médicinales (41 taxa) dont chacune était rapportée indépendamment par un minimum de deux herboristes. Un effet d’interaction est calculé pour chaque plante médicinale et représente le degré de confirmation. Implications et conséquences pratiques de ce modèle sont discutées.

Key Words

ethnobotany medicinal plants Tanzania East Africa log-linear model 

Plantes medicinales des Batemi, dans le district de Ngorongoro en Tanzanie: Evaluation quantitative.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Chhabra, S. C., R. L. A. Mahunnah, and E. N. Mshiu. 1990. Plants used in traditional medicine in eastern Tanzania. IV. Angiosperms (Mimosaceae to Papilionaceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 29: 295–323.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gachathi, F. N. 1989. Kikuyu botanical dictionary of plant names and uses. F. N. Gachathi, Nairobi.Google Scholar
  3. Gray, R. F. 1963. The Sonjo of Tanganyika. Oxford University Press, London.Google Scholar
  4. Iwu, M. M. 1993. Handbook of African medicinal plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton.Google Scholar
  5. Johns, T. 1990. With bitter herbs they shall eat it: chemical ecology and the origins of human diet and medicine. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.Google Scholar
  6. —,and E. K. Kimanani. 1991. Test of a chemical ecological model of the origins of medicinal plant use. Ethnobotany 3: 1–10.Google Scholar
  7. —,J. O. Kokwaro, and E. K. Kimanani. 1990. Herbal remedies of the Luo of Siaya District, Kenya: establishing quantitative criteria for consensus. Economic Botany 44: 369–381.Google Scholar
  8. Kokwaro, J. O. 1976. Medicinal plants of East Africa. East African Literature Bureau, Kampala.Google Scholar
  9. Leakey, L. S. B. 1977. Botanical appendix: trees and other plants used by the Kikuyu. Pages 1286–1355in L. S. B. Leakey, ed., The Southern Kikuyu before 1903. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  10. Phillips, O., and A. H. Gentry. 1993a. The useful plants of Tambopata, Peru: I. Statistical hypotheses tests with a new quantitative technique. Economic Botany 47: 15–32.Google Scholar
  11. —,and A. H. Gentry. 1993b. The useful plants of Tambopata, Peru: II. Additional hypothesis testing in quantitative ethnobotany. Economic Botany 47: 33–43.Google Scholar
  12. Smith, W. 1993. Use, abundance and conservation of woody species in the Batemi Valley, Northwestern Tanzania. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, McGill University, Montreal.Google Scholar
  13. Watt, J. M., and M. G. Breyer-Brandwijk. 1962. The medicinal and poisonous plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. 2 ed. E & S Livingstone LTD, Edinburgh.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458 U.S.A 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy Johns
    • 1
  • E. B. Mhoro
    • 2
  • Pius Sanaya
    • 3
  • Ebi K. Kimanani
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Nutrition and the Environment of Indigenous PeoplesMacdonald Campus ofMcGill University, Ste. Anne de BellevueQuebecCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Traditional MedicineMuhimbili Medicinal CentreDar es Salaam
  3. 3.Muholo
  4. 4.Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Community StudiesJewish General HospitalMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations