Advertisement

Economic Botany

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 8–20 | Cite as

Medicinal Plants of Nicaragua’s Atlantic Coast

  • Bruce Barrett
Article

Abstract

This article presents the results of an investigation concerning the use of medicinal plants by the people of Nicaragua’s Atlantic Coast. Participant observation during parts of the years 1986–1991 was complemented by a five-community, 809-household survey in 1990 and a ten-community botanical collection in 1991. This research is the first to attempt to document the diversity and prevalence of medicinal plant use for this region. The appendix lists 152 plants, along with common names, number and ethnicity of informants, and medicinal uses.

Key Words

Afro-Caribbean Central America Creole Garifuna ethnobotany ethnophar-macology medicinal plants Mestizo Miskito Nicaragua Rama Sumu traditional medicine 

Plantas Medicinales de la Costa Atlantica de Nicaragua

Résumé

Este articulo presenta los resultados de una encuesta sobre plantas medicinales utilizadas por las personas de la Costa Atlantica de Nicaragua. Observation participativa realizo durante parte de los afios 1986 al 1991 fue com-plementada en 1990 con una encuesta a 809 hogares cubriendo cinco comunidades. Ademas, en 1991 se realizo una recoleccion botanica en diez comunidades de la region. Esta investigation es el primer esfuerzo por documentar la diversidad y prevalencia del uso de plantas medicinales en esta region. El anexo proporciona una lista de 152 plantas con sus nombres comunes, su uso medico, y el numero y etnicidad de los informantes.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Adjanohoun, E., L. Ake Assi, P. Chibon, S. Cuffy, J.-J. Darnault, M.-J. Edwards, C. Etienne, J. Eyme, E. Goudote, J. Jéremie, A. Keita, J.-L. Longuefosse, J. Portecop, A. Soopramanien, J. Troian. 1985. Médecine traditionnelle et pharmacopée: contribution aux etudes ethnobotaniques et floristiques a la Dominique. Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique (A.C.C.T.), Paris.Google Scholar
  2. Akerele, Olayiwola. 1985. The WHO Traditional Medicine Programme: Policy and Implementation. International Traditional Health Newsletter. 1(1)1+ W.H.O. Geneva.Google Scholar
  3. Akerele, Olayiwola, Vernon Heywood, and Hugh Synge, eds. 1991. The conservation of medicinal plants. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  4. Altieri, Miguel. 1989. Rethinking crop genetic resource conservation: a view from the south. Conservation Biology 3:77–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ayensu, Edward. 1981. Medicinal plants of the West Indies. Reference Publications Incorporated, Michigan.Google Scholar
  6. Barrett, Bruce. 1992. The syringe and the rooster dance: medical anthropology on Nicaragua’s Atlantic Coast. Dissertation in Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.Google Scholar
  7. —. 1993. Health care behavior on Nicaragua’s Atlantic Coast. Social Science and Medicine 37: 355–368.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blumenthal, Mark. 1992. Focus on rain forest remedies. HerbalGram 27:8–10.Google Scholar
  9. Booth, William. 1987. Combing the earth for cures to cancer, AIDS. Science 237:28–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bove, Mary. 1992. Botanical medicines for common pediatric conditions. Medical Herbalism 4(4):1+.Google Scholar
  11. Brooke, James. 1990. Tribes get right to 50% of Columbian Amazon. New York Times International. February 4, p4.Google Scholar
  12. CEPA (Centro de Educación y Promotion Agraria). 1988. Medicina Natural: La Salud al Alcance del Pueblo. Managua, Nicaragua.Google Scholar
  13. CIDCA (Centro de Investigación y Documentación de la Costa Atlantica). 1987. Ethnic groups and the nation state: the case of the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua. University of Stockholm Press. Dept. of Social Anthropology, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  14. CNMPT (Centro Nacional de Medicina Popular Tradicional). 1992a. Isnaya: Manual de Plantas Medicinales para el Promotor de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Comunitaria. Esteli, Nicaragua.Google Scholar
  15. — (Centro Nacional de Medicina Popular Tradicional). 1992b. La Medicina Tradicional en el Atlantico Sur. This report was edited by M.C. Ellsberg, written by J. Rodriguez, and supervised by E. Sequiera. Data analysis by B. Barrett. Published by CNMPT, Esteli, Nicaragua, September 1992.Google Scholar
  16. Conzemius, Eduard. 1932. Ethnographic survey of the Miskito and Sumu Indians of Honduras and Nicaragua. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 106.Google Scholar
  17. Craker, Lyle E. 1992. The start of something new. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants 1 (1): 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cultural Survival Quarterly. 1991. Intellectual property rights: the politics of ownership. Summer 1991.Google Scholar
  19. Cunningham, A. B. 1991. Indigenous knowledge and biodiversity. Cultural Survival Quarterly 15(3):4–8.Google Scholar
  20. Dennis, Phillip. 1988. Herbal medicine among the Miskito of Eastern Nicaragua. Economic Botany 42:16–28.Google Scholar
  21. Donahue, John M. 1986. The Nicaraguan revolution in health. Bergin and Garvey, Boulder.Google Scholar
  22. Eisner, Thomas. 1990. Prospecting for Nature’s Chemical Riches. Pages 31–34in Issues in science and technology. Winter 1989-90.Google Scholar
  23. Farnsworth, Norman, and Djaja Soejarto. 1991. Global importance of medicinal plants. Pages 25–52in O. Akerele, ed., The conservation of medicinal plants. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  24. Findeisen, Christina. 1991. Natural products research and the potential role of the pharmaceutical industry in tropical forest conservation. Report of the Periwinkle Project of the Rainforest Alliance. July, New York.Google Scholar
  25. Foster, Steven. 1993. New Canadian herb regulations. The Business of Herbs 11(1): 14–16+.Google Scholar
  26. Garfield, Richard, and Glen Williams. 1992. Health care in Nicaragua: primary care under changing regimes. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford.Google Scholar
  27. Girault, Louis. 1987. Kallawaya: Curanderos Itinerantes de las Andes: Investigación sobre Prácticas Medicinales y Magicas. La Paz, Bolivia.Google Scholar
  28. Helms, Mary. 1971. Asang: adaptations to culture contact in a Miskito Community. University of Florida Press, Gainesville.Google Scholar
  29. Holm, John. 1978. The Creole English of Nicaragua’s Atlantic Coast: its sociolinguistic history and a comparative study of its lexicon and syntax. Ph.D. Thesis University of London, University College, London.Google Scholar
  30. Huxtable, Ryan. 1992. The pharmacology of extinction. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 37:1–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Iltis, Hugh. 1991. Tropical deforestation and the fallacies of agricultural hope. Pages 499–512in Charles Blatz, ed., Ethics and agriculture: an anthology on current issues in world context. University of Idaho Press.Google Scholar
  32. Joyce, Christopher. 1991. Prospectors for tropical medicines. New Scientist. 19 October.Google Scholar
  33. King, Steven R. 1992. Conservation and tropical medicinal plant research. HerbalGram 27:28–35.Google Scholar
  34. Kloppenberg, Jack. 1988. First the seed: the political economy of plant biotechnology, 1492-2000. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  35. Laguerre, Michele. 1987. Afro-Caribbean folk medicine. Bergin & Garvey Publishers, Inc., South Hadley, MA.Google Scholar
  36. Loveland, Franklin. 1975. Dialectical aspects of natural symbols: order and disorder in Rama Indian Cosmology. Dissertation, Duke University, Dept. of Anthropology.Google Scholar
  37. MINSA (Ministerio de Salud, Nicaragua). 1986. Informe I sobre las 72 Plants Medicinales más Frequentemente Utilizadas en la Region 1 ‘Las Segovias’ Rescate de Medicina Popular. Esteli, Nicaragua.Google Scholar
  38. —. 1988. Primer Encuentro de Centroamerica Panama y Belize para el Rescate de Medicina Popular: Sobre las Plantas Medicinales mas Frequentemente Usadas en la Region l ‘Las Segovias’ Informe II. Esteli, Nicaragua.Google Scholar
  39. —. 1989. Plantas Medicinales más Frequentemente Utilizadas en la Region V. Rescate de Medicina Popular Tradicional. Ministerio de Salud Juigalpa and Managua, Nicaragua.Google Scholar
  40. Missouri Botanical Garden. 1993 (In Press). Douglas Stevens, ed., Flora de Nicaragua. St. Louis.Google Scholar
  41. Morton, Julia F. 1981. Atlas of medicinal plants of middle America: Bahamas to Yucatan. Thomas Books, Springfield.Google Scholar
  42. Nash, Dorothy, and Louis Williams. 1976. Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana: Botany, Volume 24. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.Google Scholar
  43. National Cancer Institute. 1992. Letter of Intent-Natural Products Acquisition Program—Developmental Therapeutics Program—Division of Cancer Treatment—National Cancer Institute. Frederick, MD.Google Scholar
  44. Nietschmann, Bernard. 1969. Between land and water: the subsistence ecology of the Miskito Indians, Eastern Nicaragua. Doctoral Dissertation University of Wisconsin—Madison.Google Scholar
  45. —. 1979. Caribbean edge: the coming of modern times to isolated people and wildlife. Bobbs-Merrill, New York.Google Scholar
  46. Schultes, Richard Evans, and Robert F. Raffauf. 1990. The healing forest: medicinal and toxic plants of the Northwest Amazon. Dioscorides Press, Portland.Google Scholar
  47. Seymour, Frank. 1980. A check list of the vascular plants of Nicaragua. Phytologia Memoirs I Moldenke and Moldenke, Plainfield, NJ.Google Scholar
  48. Viisainen, Kirsi. 1991. Traditional medicine in revolutionary health care. Pages 213–227in Thomas Walker, ed., Revolution and counterrevolution. Westview Press.Google Scholar
  49. Vilas, Carlos. 1989. State, class, and ethnicity in Nicaragua. Lynne Rienner, Boulder and London.Google Scholar
  50. Warren, D. Michael. 1993. Using I.K. for agriculture and rural development: current issues and studies. Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor 1:7–10.Google Scholar
  51. Weniger, Bernard. 1991. Interest and limitation of a global ethnopharmacological survey. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 32:37–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. —,and Lionel Robineau, eds. 1988. Elements for a Caribbean pharmacopeia. Enda-Carib: scientific research and popular use of medicinal plants in the Caribbean. TRAMIL 3 Workshop, Havana.Google Scholar
  53. Conservation Union (IUON), Unhid Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458 U.S.A 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce Barrett
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Nitricion de CentroAmericayPanamaJohns Hopkins University Health and Child Survival Fellow at INCAPGuatemala

Personalised recommendations