Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 357–366 | Cite as

A Review of psychological treatment approaches for patients suffering from tinnitus

  • Gerhard Andersson
  • Lennart Melin
  • Christina Hägnebo
  • Berit Scott
  • Per Lindberg


Disabling tinnitus (ringing or buzzing in the ear) is a condition experienced by at least 1–2% of the population. Since medical and technical treatments are only partly successful, several psychological treatment approaches have been applied in the treatment of tinnitus. This article reviews 38 studies on hypnosis, biofeedback, and cognitive-behavioral approaches together with relaxation techniques. It is concluded that relaxation training together with cognitive-behavioral coping techniques is the method which so far has received the most empirical support. Still, more research is needed on the effects of psychological treatment. Finally, five recommendations are made regarding the treatment of tinnitus patients.


Cochlear Implant Relaxation Training Cinnarizine Tinnitus Patient Chronic Tinnitus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Andersson
    • 1
  • Lennart Melin
    • 1
  • Christina Hägnebo
    • 1
  • Berit Scott
    • 1
  • Per Lindberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical PsychologyUppsala UniversityUppsala

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